Below is an essay on "Comparative Study of Jute Leaves Extract (Corchurus Olitorios L.) and Alugbati Leaves Extract (Basella Alba) as Rust Inhibotor" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF JUTE LEAVES EXTRACT (Corchurus olitorios L.) AND ALUGBATI LEAVES EXTRACT (Basella alba) AS RUST INHIBOTOR
Rust has always been the problem of the people living near the beach since its surrounding is rich in acidic substances which helps the build-up of rust on metal surface. The people living there use paints monthly for the maintenance of their boats and other metallic objects so that it will not be destroy by rust. Previous study has shown the potential of jute leaves extract and alugbati leaves extract as an alternative of paints for inhibiting rust. So the researcher was encouraged to make comparative study about jute leaves extract and alugbati leaves extract as rust inhibitor.
Corchorus olitorious is annual growing to 3.5m at a fast rate. This plant is known for its use in the treatment of chronic cystitis, gonorrhea, and dysuria. A cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength. The seeds are purgative. Injections of olitoriside, an extract from the plant, markedly improve cardiac insufficiencies and have no cumulative attributes, hence, it can serve as a substitute for strophantin.
A fiber is obtained from the stems, it is the main source of jute but is considered to be inferior to the fiber obtained from C. capsularis. The stems are harvested when the plant is in flowering stage and are retted so that the fiber can be extracted.
Alugbati is rich in saponin, iron and vitamins A,B and C and is a rich source of soluble fiber, which helps digestion.It is also known as malabanar spinach, indian spinach with tagalog name. Glycoside, Saponins, Tannins, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Carbohydrates, and Reducing Sugars are present in an alugbati.
The researcher is trying to find the alternatives for paint as rust inhibitor since paints are expensive. This research is for the people living near the beach which has no enough budget to buy paints for maintenance. This research also aims to find out which of the two.
"Comparative Study of Jute Leaves Extract (Corchurus Olitorios L.) and Alugbati Leaves Extract (Basella Alba) as Rust Inhibotor". Anti Essays. 25 Feb. 2017APA Citation
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data regenerated on Sat, 25 Feb 2017 00:21:18 -0500
Additional images for this accession:
Click on thumbnails to enlargeCurrent Accessions in the Basellaceae Subfamily Anredereae Subfamily Baselleae
Basella or vine spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable, commonly grown as backyard herb in the home gardens.
Vine-spinach belongs to the Basellaceae family and has two chief cultivars, Basella alba. which features green- stems and deep-green leaves, and Basella rubra with purplish stems and dark green leaves with pink veins.
It is native to South Asia, probably originated in the monsoon fed tropical regions of Malabar Coast of India and Sri Lanka. In Asia, basella identified by different names in countries. Some of the common names for this herb are Ceylon spinach, Malabar spinach, saan choy (Chinese), mong toi (Vietnamese), alugbati (Philippines), pui saag (Bengali), remayong (Malay), etc.
Vine spinach. Note for both Basella alba and rubra types; pink stems and green leaves in B. rubra.
It is different from English spinach (Spinacea oleracea) in that the vine spinach is a creeping vine with bright, broad, dark green, thick, and mucilaginous leaves. Although commonly featuring in many backyards across South Asian families, it slowly gaining popularity in some of the tropical and temperate climates of America, Australia, and Europe for its lush, nutritious greens, and tender stems.
Malabar-spinach (Basella rubra) vine. Note for pink stems and green leaves.
Photo courtesy: scott.zona
Malabar spinach is a perennial vine and grown as annual or biennial pot-herb. It prefers hot, humid climate and moist, fertile, well-drained soil to flourish. Stem cuttings about the length of 20 cm preferred over seeds for natural propagation, and faster growth. Being a vine, it requires trellising for its spread. It bears white or white-pink color tiny flowers depending upon the species and purple to black color berries.
Basella-alba features thick, fleshy, broad, oval to heart-shaped leaves all along its vine length. Basella rubra has pink or purplish stems and pink color veins running across its leaves. In either case, fleshy greens and terminal, tender 8-12 inches stem harvested about 35 to 45 days after planting (about 50 days after seedling).Health benefits of Basella (vine spinach)
Basella is one of versatile leafy green vegetable and revered in some East Asian cultures for its wholesome phytonutrient profile.
Basella is very low in calories and fats (100 grams of raw leaves provide just 19 calories). Nonetheless, it holds an incredibly good amount of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Fresh leaves, particularly of basella rubra, are rich sources of several vital carotenoid pigment anti-oxidants such as ß-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin. Together, these compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a healing role in aging and various disease processes.
Its thick, fleshy leaves are an excellent source of non-starch polysaccharide, mucilage. In addition to natural fiber (roughage) that found in the stem and leaves, its mucilaginous leaves facilitate in smooth digestion. Fiber diet brings a reduction in cholesterol absorption, and help prevent bowel problems.
Vine spinach leaves and stem are incredibly rich sources of vitamin A. 100 g fresh leaves provide 8000 IU or 267% of recommended daily allowance (RDA) of this vitamin. Vitamin-A required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin, and essential for good eyesight. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin-A and flavonoids has been thought to offer protection from the lung and oral cavity cancers.
Basella has more vitamin C content than English spinach. 100 g of fresh greens contains 102 mg or 102% of daily recommended levels of vitamin-C. Vitamin-C is a powerful antioxidant, which helps the human body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-free radicals.
Likewise in spinach. basella too is an excellent source of iron. 100 g fresh leaves contain about 1.20 mg or 15% of daily intake of iron. Iron is an essential trace element required by the human body for red blood cell (RBC's) production. Additionally, this element acts as a co-factor for the oxidation-reduction enzyme, cytochrome oxidase, during the cellular metabolism.
It also contains good amounts of many B-complex vitamins such as folate. vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), and riboflavin. 100 g fresh leaves provide 140 µg or 35% of folates. This vitamin is one of the essential compounds for DNA production and growth. Folate deficiency in during very early stages of pregnancy might results in the neural tube defects in the newborn baby. Anticipating and pregnant women are, therefore, advised to include a lot of fresh greens in their diet to help prevent neural tube defects in the offspring.
Further, basella leaves are good sources of minerals like potassium (11% of RDA/100 g), manganese (32% of RDA/100 g), calcium, magnesium, and copper. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese and copper used by the human body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
Akin to spinach, regular consumption of basella (Malabar spinach) in the diet helps prevent osteoporosis (weakness of bones), iron-deficiency anemia. Besides, it is believed to protect the body from cardiovascular diseases and cancers of the colon.Selection and storage
Fresh Malabar spinach can be readily available in the tropical belt all round the seasons. However, in the US and European markets only selected groceries, specializing in selling Asian vegetables and herbs, sell fresh basella greens (green and purple). In the stores, look for fresh harvest featuring shiny, succulent leaves, and firm stems. The green has no distinctive flavor of its own, however, once cooked, it mixes well with other ingredients in the food, in addition to conferring gel-like consistency to the food.
Avoid sunken, dry, bruised, and discolored leaves.
Basella has a relatively good shelf life. At home, untie the bushel, wrap the leaves in a damp cloth and place in air-tight zip-pouch or plastic bag and store in the refrigerator set at high relative humidity.
Although the greens can be stored in the frige for up to four days, fresh leaves should be eaten at the earliest to get maximum nutrition benefits.Preparation and serving methods
Wash leaves in cold running water to remove any surface grit/sand. Mop dry using paper towel or soft cotton cloth. Trim away tough stems. Chop the leaves and stem for the desired length to add in the recipes.
Basella employed in the same way as other seasonal greens like spinach. watercress. and purslane. However, being more mucilaginous, it adds thick, glue-like consistency to the recipes.
Here are some serving tips:
The greens are mixed with other popular greens to prepare "saag" in India and Bangladesh (pui shaak ), with added lentils or seafood. Its flower and seed heads (pui seeds ) are also edible, and being used to prepare recipes with seasonal seafood.
In the southern parts of India, Malaysia, Indonesia, China, and Sri Lanka, its leaves and stem are used in numerous variations to prepare curries, stews, soups, etc. and eaten with rice, bread (roti), and noodles.
Like in spinach, basella too contains oxalic acid, a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. Individuals with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating them. Adequate intake of water is, therefore, encouraged to maintain normal urine output. (Medical disclaimer ).
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Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Caryophyllales, Basellaceae, BasellaPollen Description Shape, Size and Aperture
pollen unit: monad. dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad. size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm). pollen class: colpate. polarity: heteropolar. shape: polygonal. outline in polar view: quadrangular. shape (dry pollen): polygonal. outline in polar view (dry pollen): quadrangular. infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken. aperture number: 6. aperture type: colpus. aperture condition: colpate, hexacolpate, pantocolpate. aperture peculiarities: pantoaperturate, margoOrnamentation and Structure
LM ornamentation LM: -. nexine: -. sexine: -. SEM ornamentation SEM: reticulate, free-standing columellae. TEM tectum: -. infratectum: -. foot layer: -. endexine: -. intine: -. wall peculiarities: -Miscellaneous
pollen coatings: -. reserves in cytoplasm: -. cell number: -. Ubisch bodies: -
hydrated pollen cubical-shaped to spheroidal; Ubisch bodies questionable
Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie
1. hydrated pollen
3. hydrated pollen
5. exine surface
6. exine surface
Cite this publication as:
Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine. reaching 10 m in length. Its thick, semi-succulent. heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. The stem of the cultivar Basella alba 'Rubra' is reddish-purple.Soil and Climate Requirements
Basella alba grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates and in areas lower than 500 m above sea level. Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields. Flowering is induced during the short-day months of November to February. It grows best in sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0.
Typical of leaf vegetables, Malabar spinach is high in vitamin A. vitamin C. iron. and calcium. It is low in calories by volume, but high in protein per calorie. The succulent mucilage is a particularly rich source of soluble fiber. thought to remove mucus and toxins from the body. Among many other possibilities, Malabar spinach may be used to thicken soups or stir-fries with garlic and chili peppers .
In Bangladesh it is widely used to cook with Hilsa fish.
The vegetable is used in Chinese cuisine. Its many names include flowing water vegetable.
In Vietnam. particularly the north, it is cooked with crab meat, luffa and jute to make soup.
In Africa, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used. [ 1 ]
Malabar spinach can be found at many Chinese/Vietnamese/Korean/Indian grocery stores, as well as farmers markets.