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Conflicts And Relationships Essay Research Paper Conflicts - рефераты

Conflicts And Relationships Essay Research Paper Conflicts

Conflicts And Relationships Essay, Research Paper

Conflicts in Relationships

by James Carvill

In Othello, the Moor of Venice by Shakespeare, A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen, Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, and The Glass Managerie by Tennessee Williams involve relationships and the development of the characters through conflicts in their relationships. For Othello it was Iago?s deception and Othello?s jealousy, and for Nora and Torvald in A Doll House it was their doomed marriage, In Oedipus Rex the prophecy doomed Oedipus to marry his mother, and in The Glass Managerie it was the Laura?s special condition and the love she feels for Jim O?Connor and the dependence on her brother Tom.

Throughout Shakespeare?s Othello, the Moor of Venice the character of Othello becomes a victim of his own jealousy and of Iago?s betrayal. These become apparent throughout the play and lead to his demise.

The character of Othello becomes infatuated with a young, white, Venetian girl Desdemona and quickly elopes with her. Othello is then presented with the possibility that Desdemona is unfaithful through the scheming work of Iago. The betrayal by Iago presents Othello to question the loyalty of Desdemona alleged lover Cassio who happens to be his trusted lieutenant. This scheming by Iago to conceals his jealousy of Desdemona marrying Othello and allows him revenge against Othello for eloping with Desdemona. Iago knows he must gain the respect of Othello. In good time, must his Lieutenant be?(I.i.32). Iago has the stage set to take advantage of Othello?s suspicion of Cassio. He then convinces Othello that her infidelity is true as he saw Cassio with Desdemona?s handkerchief. By Heaven, that should be my handkerchief?(IV.i.147). This whole scene then plays in to Iago?s plan ?And to see how he prizes the foolish woman your wife. (IV.i.163).

The love for his wife is conveyed, as he can not bear to live knowing that his wife has become a whore. Aye, let her rot, and perish, and be dammed tonight, for she shall not live?(IV.i.168). This statement demonstrates the success of Iago?s deception that he has convinced him enough that he will kill his wife because he truly loves her. The betrayal of Iago is now complete. The jealous and insane Othello sets out to set right the infidelity of his wife by killing her.

The trust of Iago convinced Othello to change into a mad and vengeful lover out for revenge. This, indeed, led to his downfall and also to every one involved in the scheming work of Iago. This evil work of Iago manipulated the characters in the play to act against any reason. And for this Othello and Desdemona paid with their lives. It is ironic, however, that sometimes your enemies can be the closest and dearest companions. And their betrayal can have dire repercussions

The characters of Nora and Torvald Helmer in A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen represent the elements of an unsuccessful marriage and throughout the play their selfish and secluded behavior becomes visible. It is these elements that allow the reader the notion that Nora and Torvald?s relationship was doomed in the beginning.

The initial conflict begins with the opening scene where Torvald and Nora are discussing finances. It becomes apparent to the nature of Nora?s upbringing. Her wealth as a child and her extravagant spends lead to the initial conflict with Torvald. Torvald says. We certainly don?t have money to waste. This is his response to her spending. This is the nature of her personality the. playfulness? that makes the audience wonders if her relationship with Torvald is ?playing? around also. The personality differences between them, Torvald being concentrated and hard at work and Nora?s playfulness as a little ?squirrel? are visible as the dialogue discusses Torvald?s obsession with remaining debt free as they discuss finances and his recent promotion.

Nora?s loan from Krogstad becomes the final act that destroys her relationship with Torvald. Her true nature and playfulness are overwhelming. Torvald is ignorant to the workings of Nora?s debt and finally becomes informed as he reads the letter delivered from Krogstad. He then explodes as his anger for the act that his wife has committed but because of his unconditional love for his wife he forgives her. I have forgiven you for everything. Of course I know that what you did was for love of me. Her response is to abandon her family because that they both lack the understanding of one another.

The conflicts raised by the loan from Krogstad arouse the distance between Nora and Torvald. Their lack of sacrifice for one another and the loan issue have brought them to realize that their clouded views of each other and neither one is as Nora stated. I have been living here for eight years with a stranger. And just as the dialogue ends she is compelled to leave her husband.

Throughout Oedipus Rex by Sophocles the tragedy of the incestuous relationship becomes apparent. This idea becomes fundamental in recognizing the tragedy involved in this story. The Oracle?s prediction of the king and Queen?s child and their total denial of the fate that they are to face provide the basis for Oedipus? parents become aware of the fate of their child and fear the Oracle?s prediction.

The relationship between Oedipus and Jocasta is one of mutual love and respect. Both Oedipus and Jocasta enjoy their relationship and confide in each as lovers. They grow together and know the intimate secrets of each other. Soon enough they discover their real relationship as mother and son. The relationship then becomes one forbidden and incestuous. The sense shame and humiliation provide the inspiration for Jocasta to hang herself. This act relieves her of all the guilt felt as the oracle’s prediction became fulfilled. Oedipus? reaction to this news results in him gouging out his eyes and wanting to be sent into exile.

These final acts of shame allow Oedipus and Jocasta the means for expression of their grief and allow them a certain means of escape from this tragic relationship. It is the knowledge that has set them free and allows for the final fulfillment of their fate.

In The Glass Managerie by Tennessee Williams the brief relationship between Laura and Jim is life altering for Laura and changes her relationship with her brother Tom. This dependant relationship is the direct result of Laura? s condition and her family?s view of her as a. The Glass Managerie.

The relationship she has with her brother is on the based not only on his loyalty to her special needs and but also his loyalty to his family that is financial reliance of him as the provider. This is evident as in an argument with his mother, Amanda because of a novel borrowed from the library says. House, house! Who pays rent on it, who makes a slave of himself. His loyalty to his sister and his mother is greater than that of his driving desire to escape.

Tom?s devotion to his family can be noticed as they call upon him to bring home a. Gentleman callers? because they desire Laura to get married like every other regular person. However it is his idea to treat her with care for he views his sister as a fragile object such as that as the fragile glass that she collects. It is her fear that she will grow up and become. An old maid. It is very apparent that both her brother Tom and Mother Amanda care for her too much and have not allowed her to grow past their protective barrier. When Tom brings his friend from work who happens to is Laura?s old crush Jim O?Connor. It becomes an opportunity for her to meet her first true love, however as she discovers he truly believes that she is pretty and admits his attraction to her. His engagement to a long time girlfriend forbids him from them possibly dating. At this point the na?ve, young, and sheltered Laura becomes the broken glass figures that she collects. It is Tom?s intention to break the fragile nature of his sister and introduce new feelings. This act allows him to escape because his sister must now learn to cope and survive. As hard as it is he abandons his family because that is what is best for both him and his family.

Tom?s loyalty to his family resulted in his abandonment of them. It was his desire for his family to grow and for that reason he was compelled to abandon them. He ended his relationship with Laura to allow her independence even if it meant her working harder and also allowing her to focus on what she desires.

Throughout these plays the characters all dealt with issues that troubled their relationships. Dealing with them meant stirring up greater conflicts that have lain dormant since the beginning of all of the character relationships. Then dealing with the repercussions. The character of Othello suffered greatly for his jealousy and suspicion of Desdemona?s infidelity both emotionally and physically after he murdered his wife. The conflict in Oedipus Rex had a similar outcome to that of Othello however for Oedipus it meant intentional blindness and exile. Oedipus raised the issue of overcoming the Oracle?s prediction and dealing with the unfortunate. The marriage of Torvald and Nora resulted in the couple dealing with their incapability as lovers and husband and wife through out the play this became a major factor to try to aid in their struggling relationship. The failure of their marriage was a direct result of their struggles to communicate, which lead Nora to leave. And finally for Tom leaving his sister and mother he is giving them freedom to grow because he does not want them to be dependant on him. The concept of abandonment for loving a spouse too much was prevalent in all of these plays and is the reason for many of the disagreements. It is this constant struggle and lack of control that drove the marriages and spousal relationships apart.

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Torvald - s Dominance

Torvald's Dominance

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In "A Doll's House", Nora is Torvald Helmer's little "skylark" (368) who seems to be dominated by him in every single way: mentally, physically, and financially. Torvald treats Nora as if she were a child or some other creature that is incapable of thinking. She lives a sheltered life in which there is no need of worrying about problems like the ones that Ms. Linde has encountered. Torvald simply tells her what do and how to do it. One could even go as far as saying that Nora is constantly living a dream and hasn't awakened. Another way Torvald controls her is by being the only source of income for Nora and the rest of the family. He holds a successful position as manager of a bank where he makes reasonable pay. Torvald makes all financial decisions for the family. In the Explicator, Rosefeldt explains that society in those days was "a male society dominated by men and with laws written by men" (84).

Nora is clearly dominated by Torvald in every sense.

Torvald doesn't treat Nora as his wife, but as a child, possession, or some sort of creature for him to take care of. A child is dominated because they lack the maturity to act appropriately in every-day life. Children are told what to do and how to behave by parents and elders because they are inferior in age and less mature. A creature is dominated due to it not being as mentally developed as a mature human-being. In parts of the play, the fact of Nora being treated like this is confirmed by the names her husband calls her. He refers to her as "songbird" (388), "skylark" (368), and "little silly" (393). When Nora is pouting because Torvald prohibits her from spending an over-abundance of money.

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Nora and Torvald - Research Paper by Hope102938

Nora and Torvald Essay

Explain how you would direct the actors playing Nora and Torvald in their first scene together at the start of the plan and in their final exchanges at the end In order to reveal the change in their relationship.

The relationship between Nora and Torvald are very representative of the time period in which a Doll’s house is set, Torvald, the husband is head of the household and is the most important in the family status as he controls the family lifestyle according to his own views. Nora is a stereotypical woman of this era as she is the lady that does everything in the house, cleaning, cooking etc however she also has another side to her, which is a very manipulative and patronising side, she knows how to control Torvald.

In the opening scene, Nora comes in very pleased with herself, she comes in with her parcels in her hand and skips over to the table and places her parcels on the table to the right of the stage, as she puts it all down she places her hand in her pocket and takes out a bag of macaroons, she eats a few and then gentle laughs to herself contentedly. She then sneakily “Tiptoes across and listens at her husband’s door” she is hesitant to open the door so she places her ear on the door, there is a spotlight on the door. She made no sound yet Torvald realises she is home, he says, “is that my skylark twittering out there?” Torvald would then increase the volume on ‘my’ to convey Torvald’s authority and also to reflect the ownership he has over Nora. Continuing on, Torvald is very patronising to Nora, he is a stereotypical man in the time period, as he doesn’t let Nora have her own view and opinions. Torvald squawks “Oh, Nora Nora, How like a woman!” Torvald would say this in a low pitch with high volume to highlight the control Torvald has of Nora. Nora innocently says back, “Very well, Torvald. As you say” Nora drops her head and drags her feet across the stage to the stove. Torvald follows and says, “Now…is little squirrel sulking?” Torvald.

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her rot, and perish, and be dammed tonight, for she shall not live�(IV.i.168). This statement demonstrates the success of Iago�s deception that he has convinced him enough that he will kill his wife because he truly loves her. The betrayal of Iago is now complete. The jealous and insane Othello sets out to set right the infidelity of his wife by killing her. The trust of Iago convinced Othello to change into a mad and vengeful lover

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the initial conflict with Torvald. Torvald says,� We certainly don�t have money to waste.� This is his response to her spending. This is the nature of her personality the � playfulness� that makes the audience wonders if her relationship with Torvald is �playing� around also. The personality differences between them, Torvald being concentrated and hard at work and Nora�s playfulness as a little �squirrel� are visible as the dialogue discusses Torvald�s obsession with remaining debt free as they discuss finances

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and his recent promotion. Nora�s loan from Krogstad becomes the final act that destroys her relationship with Torvald. Her true nature and playfulness are overwhelming. Torvald is ignorant to the workings of Nora�s debt and finally becomes informed as he reads the letter delivered from Krogstad. He then explodes as his anger for the act that his wife has committed but because of his unconditional love for his wife he forgives her. � I have forgiven you

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for everything. Of course I know that what you did was for love of me.� Her response is to abandon her family because that they both lack the understanding of one another. The conflicts raised by the loan from Krogstad arouse the distance between Nora and Torvald. Their lack of sacrifice for one another and the loan issue have brought them to realize that their clouded views of each other and neither one is as Nora stated,�

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I have been living here for eight years with a stranger.� And just as the dialogue ends she is compelled to leave her husband. Throughout Oedipus Rex by Sophocles the tragedy of the incestuous relationship becomes apparent. This idea becomes fundamental in recognizing the tragedy involved in this story. The Oracle�s prediction of the king and Queen�s child and

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Looking At Torvald And Nora Relationship English Literature Essay

Looking At Torvald And Nora Relationship English Literature Essay

Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Two virtually different plays, that seem to have no connection, however a Doll's House and Waiting for Godot are in fact, very similar implications as the relationship between Torvald and Nora and Pozzo and Lucky are very alike. Though the harsh husband, Torvald, and Pozzo, the master of Lucky, may seem to have no similarities what so ever, however the way they treat their individual partner is similar as the are both authoritarian figures.Â

Lucky, on the other hand, is lucky to receive even a faint amount of attention from Pozzo. He is treated like an abused dog, undernourished, and mistreated. Pozzo throws him the bones from his own food as a way of feeding him; he does not care about the fact that it is unhealthy for him, he puts his own needs above Lucky's and only thinks of himself first. first. Both Lucky and Nora are mistreated characters in the individual plays/novels. Nora by her husband, and Lucky by Pozzo, they are both used primarily for their entertaining and practical facet. Though Nora of A Doll's House is subdued and mistreated by her demanding husband, Lucky suffers from being abused and neglected by Pozzo, thus making him the more ill-fated than Nora.

In Ibsen's "A Doll's House", there are various clues that hint to us what the kind of marriage Nora and Torvald have. It is clear that Nora is a doll who is controlled by Torvald like a pupper. Nora is totally dependent on Torvald. His thoughts and actions are her thoughts and actions, she hasn't got a mind of her own. Nora is a puppet that is solely dependent on it's puppet master for guidance and over all of it's movements, actions and decisions. Torvald's physical control over Nora is very clearly shown when he teaches her how to dance the tarantella. Nora acts as though she needs Torvald to re-teach her all the moves so that she could relearn the dance. The reader can tell that this is all a show she puts on, but it continues to show her complete submissiveness to Torvald. After he teaches the dance to her, he proclaims: "When you were dancing the tarantella, chasing, inviting--my blood was on fire; I couldn't stand it any longer-that's why I brought you down so early.

Nora. Leave me now, Torvald. Please! I don't want all this.

Torvald. What do you mean? You're only playing your little teasing bird game with me; aren't you, Nora? Don't want to? I'm your husband, aren't I? (Isben 447) This shows that Torvald is more interested in Nora physically than he is emotionally. He believes that it is Nora's main dutie as his wife to physically please him at his command with no questions what so ever. This clearly expresses the controlling and oppressive nature of Torvald in his relationship.

Lucky is often whipped. He is essentially a horse pulling Pozzo's carriage in their relationship that comes across as being pitiless and imperious and yet Lucky is strangelysubmissive. Pozzo explains luckys behaviour, by saying,"Why he doesn't make himself comfortable? Let's try and get this clear. Has he not the right to? Certainly he has. It follows that he doesn't want to. He imagines that when I see how well he carries I'll be tempted to keep him on in that capacity. As though I were short of slaves." [p21] Despite his miserable condition, Lucky does not seem to want things to change. Perhaps he is pleased with his condition and maybe he is not as depressed as we are led to think. From this we can see that Pozzo does indeed seem to have an immense amount of control over Lucky even when at time he himself does not seem to realise this. This illustrates the mass amount of power which that he has over their relationship.

Henrik Ibsen's play, A Doll's House, is filled with symbols that express nonrepresentational ideas. These symbols are used toeffectively show the numerous amounts of inner conflicts that are taking place between the characters. A few of the symbols are New year's day, the Christmas tree the title of the book which is a huge contrast of their relationship and the nicknames Torvald calls Nora. These highlight the theme and idea of comparing a perfect marriage to the reality of relationships, marriages and commitment, that can be described as a fake and artificial relationship, thus referring to; "Doll's House". The Christmas tree, something joyful that is meant to serve merely as decorative object, is a great way of symbolizing Nora's position in her home as merely a plaything, an object who is essentially only pleasing to look at. This also shows how in her relationship with Torvald, Nora has very little importance to the main decisions that take place. Whereas in Samuel Beckett's, Waiting for Godot, the rope tied to Lucky is a symbolic of how Pozzo constantly has control over him and how he is in a sense literally tied down in his relationship. This goes on to further to imprint the idea that pozzo is most definitely, without a doubt the dominant figure in their relationship.

Towards the end of both plays we find the dominant partners changing and the situation of the oppressed being changed. Pozzo in this new situation becomes blint, it becomes less clear as to which character is leading the other, or if they are both truly in control. The stage directions read, Pozzo is blind. Rope as before, but much shorter, so that Pozzo may follow more easily. [p49.5] For the first time in the text, Pozzo is depending on Lucky for direction; Lucky depends on Pozzo for the same reason, although his relationship is based more on emotional aspect, rather than physical. The shortness of the rope is necessary as it shows Pozzo's blindness, and the effect it has on their relationship; their new relationship is very close as the rope is shorter, making it harder for Pozzo to lead and for Lucky to be dependant and totally pathetic. It is primarily the same near the end of A Doll's House. Nora comes to the realisation that she has just been a toy in her own home and that her relationship with Torvald has always been a complete façade, she realises that she has been living a lie. The tables are turned and for the first time she is no longer the puppet but has now taken on the role as the puppet master, she leaves Torvald shocked and she leaves him depending on her and for once we can see that she is calling the shots, she is now the Torvald in the relationship.

In conclusion I believe that both relationships that are shown in both plays can easily be translated to real life scenarios. There is always a more dominant in a relationship; the fact is that there has got to be weak and strong person in real life. Looking closer at the relationships in both plays I believe that Lucky is more unfortunate than Nora as he is completely ignored, he is treated like an animal and shown no sympathy by his partner, whereas, Nora gets some sort of appreciation. Both plays end in a dramatic coil that is completely unexpected, the tables are turned for all the characters. The weak become the strong and the strong become the weak. We see as two dominant characters fall in their relationship leaving them disarrayed and lost, and we watch, in doubt as the unexpected happens.

Translator: Nicholas Rudall

Publisher: Ivan R. Dee

Date of publication: 1999

Place of publication: Chicago