Intransigence One of the most important messages conveyed in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies deals with the nature of society. In his book Golding portrays people as inherently evil, a view contrary to most modern beliefs. Golding, unlike others who hold this dismal, view goes to the extreme and through his book shows humanity as a force that purges any elements of good from within itself, allowing only the evil to survive. In Lord of the Flies Golding demonstrates that the ever sought balance between good and evil can never exist outside of established rules, and laws as humanity’s darker side will always assume complete control. The setting for the novel is a small, uninhabited island where a plane has crashed leaving a group of young boys to fend for themselves. Such a setting isolates the characters form society and civilization, allowing them to explore their own personalities. This isolation allows Golding to demonstrate what happens when rules and laws established by humanity disappear. The first instinct of the lost children is to unite and establish an order which resembles the society they have left. “Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things…Let’s have a vote”(Golding 22). The boys are eager to start their new life on the island and divide up common tasks amongst themselves. During this event the group of older boys without hesitation decides to undertake the most violent tasks. “They could be the army-” “Or hunters-” “Jack’s in charge of the choir” “They can be-what do you want them to be?” “Hunters.” (Golding 23)After the tasks are assigned a small group of boys is sent out to verify the assumption that they are on an island. During this expedition the small group comes upon a pig which they instinctively decide to attack. “They found a piglet…Jack drew his knife again with a flourish.” Even though the boys manage to restrain themselves from killing the pig, they immediately blurt out excuses to hide their hesitation. “The pause was only long enough for them to realize what the enormity the downward stroke would be… I was choosing a place…I was going to…Next time-!’” (Golding 31) Their response shows that the evil was already contained within the children when they landed on the island and wasn’t something that developed as a result of their isolation. This evil spreads amongst the boys and later leads to the death of two. As the boys continue to lose the inhibitions from their former lives the three characters who realize what’s happening are in ever increasing danger. Simon, one of the characters representing good, first realizes what is going on during his vision. Being physically weak and susceptible to the sun Simon has the tendency to faint. During one such episode he encounters the sacrifice left for the beast and sees is it as the evil within mankind. During his vision Simon realizes that because man’s evil is so great not even the smallest amount of good can survive. “D’you see? You’re not wanted. Understand? We are going to have fun on this island.” (Golding 145) Simon’s new understanding of human nature and his association with Piggy and Ralph are two main reasons which contribute to his death. The boys claiming to dance to celebrate their hunt injure one of their own number; however when their friend gets hurt they realize what they had been doing. When Simon enters the circle after having his vision the boys’ lust overtakes them and they kill him. Piggy similarly to Simon ends up dying because he doesn’t allow the evil to overtake him. During the final events in the story Piggy attempts to reconcile with the other children even though the probability of acceptance from the tribe is minimal. This act, hopeless on Piggy’s part, leads to his demise as the other boys drop a rock on him while he is approaching their fort. “The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee…” (Golding 181) Through the death of these two characters, who clearly represent good, Golding portrays humanity in its natural state as an evil force not able to let anything good exist.
The final character who realizes the truth about mankind is Ralph. Unlike the other two characters who reflect pure good, Ralph is composed of both good and evil. Even though Ralph sides with Simon and Piggy, and listens to their advice, he sometimes allows himself to be controlled by his darker side. While hunting with the wilder boys Ralph follows his instincts and releases the evil that is within him. “Ralph could hear a tiny chattering noise coming from somewhere-perhaps from his own mouth. He bound himself together with his will fused his fear and loathing into hatred, and stood up.” (Golding 123) Ralph like the other two characters gains insight about the evil within mankind. This happens during Ralph’s personal encounter with the pig’s skull. “What was it? The skull regarded Ralph like one who knows all the answers but won’t tell…A sick fear and rage swept him…Then he backed away, keeping his face to the skull that lay grinning at the sky.” (Golding 185)During this event Ralph sees the evil plaguing mankind; unlike Simon however he does not understand it. He backs away from the skull in fear, not only because he does not understand, but also because he knows that part of this evil is within him. Ralph is similar to the previous two characters in one way; he is despised by the tribe. Even though evil is contained within Ralph the tribe cannot let him survive because of the good he carries. It is only through luck that the last living protagonist manages to survive till a rescue ship comes. The arrival of authority figures is the only thing that saves Ralph from death, and the boys from completing their dreadful cleansing. Golding’s belief, as portrayed in Lord of the Flies, is that people are inherently evil; in his opinion it is only society that prevents people from acting out their natural, killer, instincts. Furthermore Golding refutes the belief that a balance between good and evil can be reached by having the boys remove any traces of good from the island.
GradeSaver provides access to 768 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 5112 literature essays, 1554 sample college application essays, 195 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders.Natural Evil in Lord of the Flies Holly McKinney 12th Grade
In his work "Essay Concerning Human Understanding," John Locke explains his belief that the human mind is what he called a "tabula rasa," which is Latin for "clean sheet of paper." It assumes that infants know nothing when they are born and human ideas and behaviors come from experience. Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, believed that in man’s natural state, moral ideas do not exist and that humans intuitively desire to obtain as much power and “good” as they can, and there are no laws preventing them from harming or killing others to attain what they desire. Lord of the Flies is a Hobbesian novel, as the boys' decline to evil appears inherent and natural. This decline is made evident through the boys' move towards meat for food, their attraction to Jack as a leader, and the idea of a beast infecting them all.
First, the boys' choice of food changes as the story progresses. At first the boys ate fruit and are happy about it. The fruit symbolizes civilization, as the boys do not want to kill any thing. Then Jack tries and fails to kill a sow. The hunt soon consumes him, and the idea of meat infects the other boys. Notice also how Jack hunts the sow, not the boar or piglets. By hunting the sow Jack ends coming.Join Now to View Premium Content
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There are rules in our society to prevent any conflicts between people and to live in safer world. But, can rules actually conceal the natural instinct of human beings? Critics claimed that Golding expressed, in Lord of the Flies, that there is no hope for humans, even though there are rules, as evilness is an inborn trait of every mankind. This essay will explain how evil the human nature is and which inborn traits humans have.
Human develops their ways by making rules and laws that allow particular person or people to kill people within the rules. This meant mankind use rules to have the right to kill each other in more ethically-seen ways. As everyone can notice based on the Lord of the Flies, which was written by William Golding, both democracy made by Ralph nor Jack’s absolutism worked.
Human nature can’t be concealed or hidden with rules. Humans are born with natural evilness so that they, simultaneously, have to learn to act in moral ways since young ages. However, when there is no proper and definite supervision of power, goodness and morality tend to break easily. Kohlberg’s theory explains this case easily by mentioning children, whom have the evilness remains when they are born and the processes of developing themselves through learning and acquiring rules that have to be followed in our society.
Moreover, in Lord of the Flies, although there were rules, the boys on the island started to disobey the only thing they’ve got and the leader, Ralph. As a result, Jack led the group at last. There are three reasonings on this situation: boys’ desire towards freedom, they did not want rules to oppress themselves, and need of leader like Jack.
To be specific, boys on the island wanted to relish their freedom on the island where no grownups were there to supervise and organize them in more civilized ways. To live the island’s life they wanted, Jack was seen as a great leader who could lead the boys to where they wanted to be and wanted to go. At the last few chapters in Lord of the Flies, most of the boys joined Jack’s tribe as they needed Jack to fulfill their wish. Jack was a starting point. He convinced the boys with malice and grudge towards Ralph who made restrictions that bind and prohibit them. Their conscience was abandoned as natural instinct took over it.
There are sexual harassment, psychopathic actions, and violence appearing in minority although there are rules and laws to prevent those crimes.
“Desire is the essence of a man.” This quote was made by Baruch Spinoza and It explains that human’s desire towards better life, money, wealth and everything else is natural thing that can be seen in all human beings. Kill each others and defend human nature, yet under rules and laws. Can you see how intelligent people are? From the first place, no form of government matters. Even though we have rules and legal systems, as society is reflected by human beings, it still creates war, savagery, and evilness, simultaneously with goodness and morality. As people are living in coexistence of morality and immorality, definitely, crime occurs.
Summing up, human nature can’t be easily concealed or hidden as there is absoluteness which is immutable evilness that lies within all people. This is because although there are rules and laws in our society to prevent any dangers or conflicts that can happen between people and oppress people’s natural instinct down, being evil is a natural thing and should admit that evilness is an inborn trait of all and every human beings.
Garreth Hemmings 01/11/02
How Do The Writers
Golding and Stevenson Explore The Theme Of
Good and Evil Within Man?
Refer to 'Lord of the Flies' and 'The Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'
The themes of good and evil are used constantly throughout both of the books but they are portrayed in different ways by the two authors. As the authors wrote each of the books in different time periods this greatly affects the ways in which they show these themes. Through this essay I aim to show how each of the authors explore the good and evil within man, then compare and contrast the way in which they present their ideas and finally summarise the story styles in the conclusion.
The answer to the above question, how do the writers explore the themes of good and evil within man is of course different with each author.
Golding uses lots of symbolism, everything connected with the book is symbolising something. Stevenson however uses more basic methods; he shows evil by the disfiguration of Mr Hyde and the bubbling drink he uses character definition to describe good and evil. Take Mr Utterson for instance, the story begins with a comprehensive description of his character "rugged countenance. lean, long, dusty, dreary and yet somehow loveable." "It was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of down going men." Basically he comes across as a bit of a drab individual but sturdy and a man with standards. Contrast this with Mr Hyde. When we first meet him it is when he is confronted by Mr Utterson, "Mr Hyde shrank back with a hissing intake of breath." "The other (Hyde) snarled allowed into a savage laugh; and the next moment,Citation styles:
A comparitive essay between the representations of evil in; Lord of the flies by William Golding and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson. (2003, December 25). In WriteWork.com. Retrieved 02:32, February 25, 2017, from http://www.writework.com/essay/comparitive-essay-between-representations-evil-lord-flies
WriteWork contributors. "A comparitive essay between the representations of evil in; Lord of the flies by William Golding and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson" WriteWork.com. WriteWork.com, 25 December, 2003. Web. 25 Feb. 2017.
WriteWork contributors, "A comparitive essay between the representations of evil in; Lord of the flies by William Golding and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson," WriteWork.com, http://www.writework.com/essay/comparitive-essay-between-representations-evil-lord-flies (accessed February 25, 2017)Reviews of: "A comparitive essay between the representations of evil in; Lord of the flies by William Golding and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson" :
I like the way you introduce us to your essay! We know you are going to be analyzing the themes. ANd i actually believe that the analysis is pretty profound and nice detailed!
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"A devil, a born devil, on whose nature / Nurture can never stick" (Tempest 4.1.188-190). Are people really "born a devil"? Or is evil something which is inborn in humans and is always just there? The battle between nature vs. nurture is one that has been disputed for many years. It has been scientifically proven that genes (nature) determine certain traits, such as hair or eye color. The dispute, however, is concerning what determines a person's behavioral traits. Some scientists believe that these traits, too, are determined by genes, while others feel these traits are learned from the person's environment (genealogy.about.com). The idea that evil is inborn within humans is a. controversial issue associated with these beliefs. Many believe that evil behavior in people is something that is learned and is the result of "nurturing." At the same time, others believe evil is a tendency that humans naturally are born with. In the 1970's, scientific research began to show that "the nurture-only view was indeed too simplistic" (Lemonick 54). Similar studies led to the assumption that humans are born with evil inside and it is human nature to act upon evil impulses. In William Golding's Lord of the Flies, Golding uses symbolism to convey this idea of evil being innate within humans.
Golding uses the settings as different symbols throughout the novel. One of the first symbols is the main setting, the island. The island in itself represents isolation of the children. Since the children are isolated on the island, there is no way that the evil of the outside world could influence them to become evil. The island is also used to show that the environment, being so beautiful and pure, does not affect the boys and cause them to become ev
The island is described as a place where "the white surf flinked on a coral reef, and beyond that the open sea was dark blue. Within the irregular arc of coral the lagoon was still as a mountain lake--blue of all shades and shadowy green and purple" (8). These descriptions of the island draw a picture very similar to the Garden of Eden. "Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil" (Gen. 2:8-9). In the Garden of Eden there is a tree which bears fruit, much like the trees on the island which the boys feast upon. "Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden" (Gen. 2:10). A river flows through the Eden providing Adam with clean water to drink. Similarly, a river flows through the center of the island providing the children with fresh water. This river represents purity on the island, before corrupted by man. The water runs pure and clean until the dead bodies, representing evil, are thrown into it by the children and pollute it. Although the island seems to be