Check the surroundings. Evaluate the situation. Are there things that might put you at risk of harm? Are you or the victim threatened by fire, toxic smoke or gasses, an unstable building, live electrical wires or other dangerous scenario? Do not rush into a situation where you could end up as a victim yourself. This refers to the D (Danger) in DRABC (Danger, Response, Airways, Breathing and Circulation). 
Call for help . Call out for help 3 times before you begin assisting the casualty. If someone is with you or approaches, instruct them to call the authorities and be prepared to relay information to them so they can update the responders. It is not recommended that you leave the casualty unless absolutely required, but put them in the recovery position if you need to leave them for any reason. 
Care for the person. Caring for someone who has just gone through serious trauma includes both physical treatment and emotional support. Remember to stay calm and try to be reassuring; let the person know that help is on its way and that everything will be alright. Other ways to reassure the casualty include asking for their name, if they know what has happened, and then about their interests.
Determine responsiveness. If a person is unconscious, try to rouse them by speaking to them; do not be afraid to speak up. If they do not respond to activity, sound, touch, or other stimulation, determine whether they are breathing.
Check for breathing and a pulse.  If unconscious and unable to be roused, check for breathing: look for a rise in the chest area; listen for the sound of air coming in and out; feel for air using the side of your face. If no signs of breathing are apparent, place two fingers under the chin and gently guide the face pointing upwards to open up their airways. If any debris such as vomit can be seen, it is appropriate to move them onto their side to allow it to get out, which is achieved with the recovery position.  Check for a pulse.
If the person remains unresponsive, prep for CPR . Unless you suspect a spinal injury, carefully roll them onto their back and open their airway.  If you suspect a spinal injury, leave the person where they are, provided they are breathing. 
Perform 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths as part of CPR. In the center of the chest, just below an imaginary line running between the nipples, put your two hands together and compress the chest down approximately 2 inches (5.1 cm) at a rate of 100 compressions per minute (or to the beat of "Staying Alive"). After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths, done by opening the airways, closing the nose and fully covering the mouth hole. Then check vitals. If the breaths are blocked, reposition the airway. Make sure the head is tilted slightly back and the tongue is not obstructing it. Continue this cycle of 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until someone else relieves you. 
Remember your ABCs of CPR. The ABCs of CPR refer to the three critical things you need to look for.  Check these three things frequently as you give the person first aid CPR.
Make sure the person is warm as you wait for medical help. Drape a towel or a blanket over the person if you have one; if you don't, remove some of your own clothing (such as your coat or jacket) and use it as a cover until medical help arrives. However if the person has a heatstroke, do not cover him or keep him warm. Instead try to cool him by fanning him and damping him.
Pay attention to a list of don'ts. As you administer first aid, be sure to be aware of these things that you should not do in any case:
Protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens. Bloodborne pathogens can threaten your health and wellbeing by causing sickness and disease. If you have a first aid kit, sanitize your hands and put on sterile gloves. If sterile gloves and sanitizer are not available, protect your hands with extra gauze or cotton. Avoid direct contact with the other person's blood. If you do end up making contact, make sure to clean yourself off as soon as possible. Eliminate any remaining sources of contamination.
Stop the bleeding first . After you have established that the victim is breathing and has a pulse, your next priority should be to control any bleeding. Control of bleeding is one of the most important things you can do to save a trauma victim. Use direct pressure on a wound before trying any other method of managing bleeding. Read the linked article for more detailed steps you can take.
Treat shock next . Shock, often caused a loss of blood flow to the body, frequently follows physical and occasionally psychological trauma. A person in shock will frequently have cool, clammy skin, be agitated or have an altered mental status, and have pale color to the skin around the face and lips. Untreated, shock can be fatal. Anyone who has suffered a severe injury or life-threatening situation is at risk for shock.
Provide first aid for a broken bone . A broken bone, however common, can be treated with the following steps:
Help a choking victim . Choking can cause death or permanent brain damage within minutes. Read this article for ways to help a choking victim. The article addresses helping both children and adult choking victims.
Learn how to treat a burn . Treat first- and second-degree burns by immersing or flushing with cool water for at least 10 minutes (no ice). Don't use creams, butter or other ointments, and do not pop blisters. Third degree burns should be covered with a damp cloth. Remove clothing and jewelry from the burn, but do not try to remove charred clothing that is stuck to burns.
Look out for a concussion . If the victim has suffered a blow to the head, look for signs of concussion. Common symptoms include:
Treat a Spinal Injury Victim . If you suspect a spinal injury, it is especially critical that you not move the victim's head, neck or back unless they are in immediate danger. You also need to take special care when performing rescue breathing or CPR. Read this article to learn what to do.Method Four of Four:
Help someone who is having a seizure . Seizures can be scary things for people who've never experienced them before. Luckily, helping people with seizures is relatively straightforward.
Help someone survive a heart attack . It helps to know the symptoms of heart attack, which include rapid heartbeat, pressure or pain in the chest, and general unease or nausea. Rush the person to the hospital immediately while giving them an aspirin or a nitroglycerin, which the person should chew.
Identify someone having a stroke . Again, knowing the symptoms of stroke is important. They include temporary inability to talk or understand what is being said; confusion; loss of balance or dizziness; and severe headache with no precursor, among others. Rush a person you suspect has had a stroke to the emergency room immediately.
Treat poisoning . Poisoning can occur as a result of natural toxins (i.e. snake bite) or chemical combinations. If an animal may be responsible for poisoning, try to (safely) kill it, bag it, and bring it with you to poison control.
If possible, use latex gloves or other barriers to protect yourself from others' bodily fluids.
As much as this article can cover, you will only learn so much from reading steps on how to do this. As such, try to find training in first aid and/or CPR if at all possible - this gives you, the reader, the ability to learn hands-on exactly how to bind fractures and dislocations, bandage moderate to severe wounds, and even perform CPR, and you will find yourself better prepared for treating those in need after the training. In addition, these certifications also protect you in the event of legal action - while Good Samaritan laws will protect you in these cases, certifications simply bolster this.
If a person is impaled on an object, do not remove it unless it is obstructing an airway. Removing the object is likely to cause additional injuries and increase the severity of bleeding. Avoid moving the person. If you must move them, you may shorten and secure the object. Warnings Edit
Moving someone with spinal cord damage may increase the likelihood of paralysis or death.
Never try to reset a broken or dislocated bone. Remember, this is first aid - if you are doing this, you are preparing a patient for transport. Unless you are 110% sure of what you are doing, resetting a dislocation or broken bone runs a strong risk of making things worse.
Do not move the person. It could harm them even more; unless they are in immediate danger. Wait for the ambulance to arrive to take over treatment of the person.
Never, ever put yourself in danger! As much as this seems to lack compassion, remember that being a hero, in this case, means nothing if you come back dead.
Do not touch someone who is being shocked by an electrical current. Turn off the power or use a piece of non-conductive material (e.g. wood, dry rope, dry clothing) to separate him from the power source before touching him.
It is dangerous to give aspirin to anyone under the age of 16 as it can cause potentially fatal damage to the brain and liver before this age.
If you aren't sure what to do, leave it to the professionals. If it's not a life-critical injury, doing the wrong thing can endanger the patient. See the note about training, up above in tips.
Before touching a victim or rendering any aid, get consent to treat! Check the laws in your area. Rendering aid without consent may lead to legal action. If someone has a "Do not resuscitate" order, respect it (only if you see proof). If the person is unconscious and at risk of death or injury, without any known "Do not resuscitate" order, go ahead and treat by implied consent. If consciousness is not yet known, tap them on the shoulder and say "Sir/Ma'am, are you alright? I know how to help you." before proceeding to render first aid.Related wikiHows Edit
How to Evaluate Shock in First Aid
How to Do CPR on an Adult
How to Do CPR on a Baby
How to Use a Defibrillator
How to Create a Home First Aid Kit
How to Treat a Concussion
How to Survive in Life Threating Situations
How to Perform the Heimlich Maneuver on Yourself
How to Remove a Splinter with Baking Soda
How to Remove a Splinter
# - Assessment Task: PEFAP 001 Paediatric Emergency First Aid
(1.1) Identified the responsibilities a of a paediatric first aider. The responsibilities of a paediatric first aider is to make sure that every person you attend to you have to make sure that you have comforted the individual, making sure that they are as calm as possible. This is to ensure that you can treat that individual as best as you can, it is important to act quickly and efficiently as possible. (1.2) Describe how to minimise the risk of infection to self and others
The first thing you should do to minimise risk of infection to yourself is to wear new clean gloves as this stops any skin to skin hand contact with the individual. It is important to that when treating lacerations that they are washed with sterile water, minimising infection for the individual. It is important to make sure that all equipment you use is sterile and has come out of its original packaging which again should be clean, such as bandages, again minimising infection risks. When having to go CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) it is possible to use a plastic mouth guard, stopping again any skin to skin contact. The mouth guard can be used when an individual has also vomited or has had possibly blood or any other fluids around the mouth area.
(1.3) Describe suitable first aid equipment, including personal protection, and how it is used appropriately.
Gloves – this is to stop infection and any skin to skin contact, these should be disposed of correctly after use. New gloves should be used every time you need to use them, as cross contamination can case infections etc.
Plasters, Bandages and Slings – these should be kept in a sterile packaging ensuring the first aid equipment is clean before use. Both plasters and bandages can come in all shapes and sizes and again should be disposed of correctly after use, bandages should be applied correctly to the individual as if done to lose it can allow infections and if to tight it can cause loss of blood circulation. With slings you need to make sure that they have been applied correctly as there would be no use for them, if the sling was done to lose then the individual would be gaining no support from the sling. On the other hand if the sling was done to tightly then there is a chance likewise to bandages that you can cause loss of blood circulation to the arm for example.
Sterile Water, Wipes – these are used to clean any laceration, cut or other injury. For example it will get rid of any foreign objects such as grit and dirt which could be inside an injury.
Scissors – there should be a pair of scissors, preferably cloth scissors in case you would need to remove some clothing from the individual such as their jeans to allow access to the injured area
Mouth Masks - As I stated earlier this can be used to minimise infection and to eliminate skin to skin contact and also makes giving mouth to mouth resuscitation easier if there is fluid around the mouth area or within the mouth itself.
(1.4) Identified what information needs to be included in an accident report/incident record and to record it.
When recording information for an accident or incident you need to remember to include the person who was injurers name and the person who applied first aid to the individual. You would also need to record the time and date of the injury and exactly what had happened. What the injuries were and what treatment was given, you would also need to state if there were any witnesses.
(1.5) Defined an infant and a child for the purpose of first aid treatment.
When carrying out first aid it differs according to different ages, regarding a child which is classed as (0-1 years) to how you would treat an infant aged (1+ years). An example of how age depends on what first aid treatment you give could be when you would give them CPR.
(7.1) Describe how to recognise and manage an.
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Stephanie Hayward 015.1.1 * Assess the situation * Always check for dangers, for yourself, casualties and of others. * Carry out A, B, C checks. Be prepared to carry put lifesaving treatment. * Assess the child or infants illness of. * Carry out an examination from head to toe. * Prioritise treatment. Life threatening conditions must come first . * Do not remove infant of child unless needed. * Promote recovery, by giving firstaid treatment. Keep the infant or child stable. * Reassure the infant or child, and any other children who may be involved. * Call emergency services, and pass on any information of the event to professional help or parent. 015.1.2 * Cover any cuts on your own hands with a plaster. * Wash hands immediately after any contact with blood or bodily fluid. * If a child has an open wound, wash with soap and running water, if possible. This will remove and dirt or grit. Or any other type of contamination. * Place all soiled materials including gloves or apron in a plastic bag. * Dispose of correctly. 015.1.3 * Disposable gloves: protect hands from blood and any other body fluid. * Scissors: Cutting dressings for correct size, even clothing. * Sterile gauze pads: Covering small wounds which are bleeding. * Adhesive tape: For securing gauze to a wound. * Large dressing selection: For covering large wounds. *.
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Firstaid assignment Unit 302.3 K3S198, K3H196, K3H197, K3H199 E1 10/689321 When I am working in the crèche with the children, I make sure that the children are all safe, sometime accidents do happen. If an accident does happen while I am there I would find out what has happened, by asking the child and other members of staff. While I am finding out what has happened I would give the appropriate firstaid and recorded it in the firstaid book. For example if a child has banged their head I would. 1. Comfort the child while I checked the child’s head to see if there is any cuts or bumps, making sure they are responsive and alert. 2. I would put on gloves, apron and get the firstaid box, if another member of staff was closer then I would ask the to get it for me. 3. Get a cold compress from the firstaid box, I would then apply the cold compress to the head. All the time comforting and talking calmly to the child. 4. firstaid box, if another member of staff was closer then I would ask the to get it for me. 5. I would keep an eye on the child to make sure they are not sick and checking that they are responsive and there is no sign of concussion. 6. If the cut is severe or there are sings of concussion then an ambulance should called and the parents informed. 7. I would.
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FirstAid Notes Q. Why is firstaid important? A. It is better to know firstaid and not need it than to need it and not know it. Q. What is firstaid . A. Firstaid is the immediate care give to an injured or suddenly ill person. Q. What is Duty of Care? A. While providing firstaid you have a duty of care which requires you to assess and treat the casualty within the confines of your training and expertise i.e. you must only do what you are trained to do. Q. What is CPR A. CPR stands for CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION Q. What is Cyanosis A. CYANOSIS is the result of low levels of oxygen in the blood resulting in the skin and mucous membranes becoming blue or grey Key Terms: Consent: You must obtain consent from an alert person before providing care either by Verbal consent or Expressed consent the nod of the head. Implied consent assumes a non alert person will want care provided. Patient Confidentiality: All data or information collected must be stored in a locked fireproof cabinet and if stored electronically secured by password Negligence: Occurs when having a duty to act but either not doing so or doing so incorrectly or causing injury and damages Documentation: Documentation should include the following · Date of Intervention · Name & address of casualty · Location of.
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asthma attack. You may not have all of these symptoms, or you may have different symptoms at different times. Your symptoms may be subtle, such as decreased activity, or lethargy. Your symptoms may also vary from mild to severe from one asthma attack to the next. Choking occurs when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. In adults, a piece of food often is the culprit. Young children often swallow small objects. Because choking cuts off oxygen to the brain, administer firstaid as quickly as possible. The universal sign for choking is hands clutched to the throat. If the person doesn't give the signal, look for these indications: Inability to talk Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing Inability to cough forcefully Skin, lips and nails turning blue or dusky Loss of consciousness If choking is occurring, the Red Cross recommends a "five-and-five" approach to delivering firstaid . Give 5 back blows. First . deliver five back blows between the person's shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Give 5 abdominal thrusts. Perform five abdominal thrusts (also known as the Heimlich maneuver). Alternate between 5 blows and 5 thrusts until the blockage is dislodged. The American Heart Association doesn't teach the back blow technique, only the abdominal thrust procedures. It's OK not to use back blows, if you haven't learned the technique. Both.
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FirstAid is the temporary help given to an injured or a sick person before professional medical treatment can be provided. This timely assistance, comprising of simple medical techniques, is most critical to the victims and is, often, life saving. Any layperson can be trained to administer firstaid . which can be carried out using minimal equipments. Basic training in firstaid skills should be taught in school, in work places and, in general, be learnt by all, as it is mandatory to our modern and stressful life. Firstaid is the help that you give someone quickly after they have hurt themselves or have had an accident. It can stop a person from becoming more ill. In some cases, it can even save a person’s life. Only someone who knows firstaid well should try to treat an injured or sick person. Usually, you give firstaid until a doctor or an ambulance arrives. Never try to give someone firstaid unless you know what to do. The wrong actions can do moreharm than good. Call for help When someone has been hurt or has had an accident, the first thing to do is get help. If you don't know the phone number of the local doctor or hospital dial an emergency number: 144 for an ambulance. 133 for the fire department and 122 for the police. When you call for help.
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INTRODUCTION Firstaid is the immediate assistance or treatment given to someone injured or suddenly taken ill before the arrival of an ambulance, doctor, or other appropriate qualified persons. It is a skill, based on knowledge, training and experience. Firstaid training is important as it is relevant at home, work place or industries and any other place. The term “FIRST AIDER” is usually applied to someone who has completed a theoretical and practical instruction course, and passed a professionally supervised examination. The standard firstaid certificate awarded by St John Ambulance, St Andrews Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross is proof of all round competence. Firstaid must be administered as soon as possible. In case of critical injury, a few minutes can make the difference between complete recovery and loss of life. Firstaid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether life threatening conditions exists. Firstaid measures depend on the victims need and the provider’s level of knowledge and skill. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. DEFINITION OF TERMS FIRST AIDER: someone who has completed a theoretical and practical instruction course, and passed a professionally supervised examination.
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Ten Health and Safety Courses Available to the General Public 1. CPR/FirstAid /AED Training by American Red Cross Description: Course on providing immediate care in medical, breathing, or cardiac emergencies until advanced personnel arrive. Focus on common emergencies such as burns, cuts, and head/neck/back injuries, as well as and breathing emergencies and adults (pediatric also available) and how to respond in each unique situation. Course length is 2-5 hours and certification is valid for two years. Importance: This is one of the most important classes offered to the public. Given that so many people die of heart related illness/heart attack, choking is so common, and that people can get hurt anywhere at any given time, it seems natural that even everyday people should be equipped with skills necessary to give aid and potentially save a life. People who take this course will be well educated and able to potentially prevent more serious issues, such as identifying symptoms of a heart attack. This course allows the general public to make a difference and is a huge asset to medics who cannot always be on the scene immediately. 2. Wilderness and Remote FirstAid by American Red Cross Description: This course teaches advanced skills to be used in emergencies in remote areas when professional help may be far away. Covers topics such as burns, hypothermia, bone and joint injuries, allergies.
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A.1 Introduction A.1 Introduction ------------------------------------------------- A.2 Aims of FirstAid A.2 Aims of FirstAidFirstaid is the initial care taken for illness or injury. Firstaid kit generally consists of a series of simple and, in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment. ------------------------------------------------- The main aim of firstaid is to save life. Other two aims are to prevent further harm and to promote recovery. A.3 Things to be Present in FirstAid Kit A.3 Things to be Present in FirstAid Kit. Following are the things to be present in firstaid kit:- * first -aid manual * sterile gauze pads of different sizes * adhesive tape * adhesive bandages in several sizes * elastic bandage * a splint * antiseptic wipes * soap * antibiotic ointment * antiseptic solution (like hydrogen peroxide) * hydrocortisone cream (1%) * acetaminophen and ibuprofen * extra prescription medications (if the family is going on vacation) * tweezers * sharp.
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