Between 1860 and 1877 there were many changes both socially and in legislation which represented a revolution of sorts due to the fact that the changing ideas and attitudes of people reached Congress and caused alterations to be made in the Constitution, the very foundation of this country.
* The Civil Rights Act of 1866 redefined what it was to be a black in America. * The legislative changes allowed blacks to move from being the underlings in a country based on servitude, to at least on paper having some of the same opportunities as whites. * The federal government did not previously think it was their place to grant black suffrage.
* Blacks in post-Civil War America felt that the union owed them and they began to expect to be treated differently and protected by the union which they had served so well. * White southerners for the most part only felt more aggression and animosity than ever toward the blacks, which were no longer their possessions.
* The blacks being more demanding, and the whites being more upset led to many violent conflicts between the two races.
This was most definitely a revolutionary time period for the United States. The blacks were now free and expected to receive the rights and privileges which came with the title Unites States Citizen. However, there was the constant cloud of racism over them due to the increased animosity directed toward the blacks from the white southerners. Certain legislation such as the Civil Rights Act of 1866 helped somewhat, but the discrimination and tension was still there. Altogether, the changes to the Constitution and the changes in people's attitudes made this a time period which can certainly be considered revolutionary as it altered the course of American history and helped keep alive the legacy of slavery.
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the war. For military actions, see American Revolutionary War. For other uses, see AmericanRevolution (disambiguation). In this article, inhabitants of the Thirteen Colonies who supported the AmericanRevolution are primarily referred to as "Americans " or "Patriots," and sometimes as "Whigs," "Rebels" or "Revolutionaries." Colonists who supported the British side are called "Loyalists" or "Tories". In accordance with the policy of this encyclopedia, this article uses American English terminology; in British English these events are known as the "American War of Independence". Founding Fathers listen to the draft of the Declaration of Independence John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence, showing the Committee of Five presenting its work to Congress. The AmericanRevolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which the Thirteen American Colonies broke from the British Empire and formed an independent nation, the United States of America. The AmericanRevolution was the result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations in American society, government and ways of thinking. Starting in 1765 the Americans rejected the authority of Parliament to tax them without elected representation; protests continued to.
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The AmericanRevolution fundamentally changed American society politically, socially, and economically from 1775 to 1800. The effects of the Revolution were both positive and negative. The political effect of the Revolution was negative in that it left much conflict between different groups of people still living in the United States after the British formally left. Socially, the American society was affected positively as more people came together. The effect was negative on the society because the AmericanRevolution brought on a post-war economic depression. Politically, the American society resulted with a negative impact. Conflict became widespread throughout the people of America. One example was the Tory vs. Whigs issue. The Tories, British loyalists who fought against the rebels in the Revolutionary war, were still settled in America after the British retreated out of the colonies. The Whigs, also known as the Patriots, were still consumed with bitter resentment against their Loyalist neighbors. Tories were still numerous in parts of the colonies like aristocratic New York City and Charleston and Quaker Pennsylvania. One Whig man in Pennsylvania spoke to his fellow Patriots to bring them together and banish all Tories from the area (Document B). His purpose was to establish a sense of security among his people so that they would no longer.
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DBQ #1 AmericanRevolution The AmericanRevolution affected American society in many ways economically, socially and politically. Economically, the war brought many the colonists many monetary hardships, having lost the British as a trading partner. Socially, the movements for equality brought up questions about slavery and women and whether they deserved the same. Political questions Economically, the colonies, though ready to fight, found themselves short on money to finance the war. In 1764, the Currency act had forced all colonies to trade in gold and silver, and eventually caused a shortage of hard money. When it came time for the war, the government had no choice but start making paper money. The paper money only caused inflation as a result the American government had no choice but to borrow from other countries. This led to a substantial debt abroad and at home. The states paid off their debts by increasing taxes, but many people such as poor farmers couldn’t afford to pay. As Abigail Adams said in a letter to Thomas Jefferson “they cried out for paper money”, many of them wanted more money issued to help them meet their requirements. (Doc G). This led to many riots including Shay’s rebellion. Daniel Shay was veteran and he demanded paper money, tax relief, relocation of the state capital and abolition of imprisonment for debt. This led to Massachusetts.
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AmericanRevolutionDBQ Before the AmericanRevolution . as many know, was a period of time where the colonists were being controlled by the British. The British had complete control over almost everything but during the time period of 1750-1776, the colonists decided to show a sense of unity by working together as one to solve their nation’s problems and seeking their identity to gain their independence today. In the early 1750’s, the British were going through tough times within their country, thus they did not bother the colonies. This was know as the Salutary neglect where Britain ignored the colonies in terms of distance, few British tax officials were going to the colonies, and the colonies were doing exactly what they were supposed to do as in trading. It was not until 1754 when Ben Franklin had proposed the Albany Plan of the Union where the delegates from all 13 colonies came to discuss and tried to form their own form of government, but it was later turned down by British. This is one of the first steps towards unity in America. Ben Franklin also proposed the “JOIN, or DIE” political cartoon as shown in Document A to provide this sense of unity. This cartoon was created to show a symbolic symbol as a start for the colonists to come together and created unity towards the British during predicaments such as being turned down on trying to form a government to provide self defense. After the.
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AP American History DBQ Essay To what extent had the colonists developed a sense of identity and unity as Americans by the eve of the Revolution . Over time, the colonists in America were developing a separate and unique identity for themselves. Even though they were colonists and most were of European descent, they didn’t call themselves Europeans or colonists anymore. They called themselves Americans . As Americans . they wanted to be independent, and the needs of the colonies required unity. This sense of a separate identity and unity ultimately led to the Revolution . The illustration on Document A, was a way of trying to get the colonies together in unity in 1754. The idea of "Join or die." didn’t exactly work but some 20 years later unification came about when the colonists realized that they needed to unite and identify with each other. This idea progressed, and came about. Many Americans believed that if they were not free from British rule, they would "die." This is shown in the flag in Document A. It shows a dead snake cut into many pieces, which represent the colonies. The idea expressed is that if Americans did not join together and fight for freedom, then the colonies would be separated and would die. The British didn’t handle things all that well to prevent the colonies from uniting and actually gave them reasons to band.
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One of the most significant events in the history of America was the AmericanRevolution . It was not so significant because of the number of deaths or the affects it had on America's relationship with Great Britain, but more because of the changes it caused in society socially, economically, and politically. American society was greatly affected socially by the AmericanRevolution . Compared to women in Europe, women in America already held a slightly greater role in society. That role would grow even larger by the end of the Revolution . The artwork of the time shows that the American soldiers and minutemen often depended on their wives, not only to assist them in their duties at camp but also to run the communities while they were off fighting. During this time, women still had very few rights, but as the Revolution went on, more and more women began fighting for equality. Although there were many issues that they were not happy with, receiving a lesser education was a large concern to them. Molly Wallace said, "No one will pretend to deny, that we should be taught to read in the best manner. And if to read, why not to speak?" (Doc. J) This was said as a part of her valedictorian speech at a young ladies' academy. They were beginning to receive the education that they wanted, despite the fact that what they had to say still was not held as very important. With.
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AmericanRevolution Impact Essay The ideals of the AmericanRevolution were (according to some) brought back with the French army to France, where the French Revolution of 1789 broke out. However, unlike the AmericanRevolution . the French weren't a colony, they couldn't just stop taking orders from the King. They had a massive armed revolt against him; peasants and the poor rose up against the aristocracy, the King and other aristocrats were executed by the "will of the people". The French revolution was supposed to be the beginning of a "liberalization" movement across Europe. However the Kings and Princes of France's neighbors helped to militarize the new state (even more), the ideas of liberty began to be secondary to the needs of security in the new embryonic state. From this point onwards there was massive upheaval in Europe, wars were fought on Ideological, rather than dynastic terms. American colonists offered Washington a crown to be King of the colonies, he refused, and wanted a republic formed. In France the military gained power and influence, and Napoleon crowned himself Emperor, showing how (as in many revolutions ) the revolutionaries often revert to the same types of society as the ones that preceded them. The significance to other nations, I suppose you could say the AmericanRevolution .
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The AmericanRevolution was an accelerated evolution rather than a cataclysmic revolution to a certain point. An accelerated evolution is a rapid process of growth and change, while a cataclysmic revolution is a sudden and violent event that brings great changes. The extent to which the AmericanRevolution was an accelerated evolution was during events that completely disregarded the government. When considered politically, economically and socially the extent to which the AmericanRevolution was an accelerated evolution, instead of a cataclysmic revolution is shown. Politically, the AmericanRevolution was more of an accelerated evolution, despite some drastic choices that indicate a cataclysmic revolution . The political causes for the AmericanRevolution began with many new acts being passed by the British parliament to put taxes on certain items in the colonies. The French and Indian War had cost Britain a lot of money and King George ll wanted help in paying the expenses. New taxes passed by the government gradually began to anger the colonists more and more, once they realize the unfairness of another country thousands of miles away telling them what to do. Acts like the Stamp Act gave Britain power over the colonies and the colonists eventually began to resist them. For.
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Autor: Rye Louis • November 3, 2016 • Essay • 1,205 Words (5 Pages) • 72 Views
The American Revolution began directly following the French and Indian war. The Americans began to reject the British monarchy and aristocracy. in attempt to free themselves from British rule, The 13 colonies rebelled/ fought against the British and were victorious. In 1776, the Americans declared independence from Britain, created the Articles of Confederation (which turned out to be a complete failure) and created the constitution later on in 1787. The people of the United States of America began to re-think politics, their economy, and society. The Americans from the 13 colonies thought that the government that Britain ran was evil and corrupted; therefore, Americans wanted their government to be nothing like/of Britain's. Women, slaves, and loyalists experience a drastic change in society as women were given more rights, some slaves were freed (until the emancipation proclamation in 1865), and the British left America and went back to Britain. Politically, new ideas about democracy and the rights of citizens were made, and tested as well. The American Revolution completely changed every aspect of society in the Americas.
Following their breakaway from Britain, America did not want to have any resemblance of Britain. They adopted the articles of confederation that was completely uneffective and gave an extremely weak central government; which, in 1787 resulted in the making of the constitution. The United States had no source of income, was plunging into debt due to war costs, and there was no executive branch to make laws for the 13 colonies.
Rights for men began to change when the declaration of independence was written. All men were given unalienable rights along with life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (Doc 1). The Declaration of Independence ensured that all citizens of the United States received these rights without them being taken away in any scenario. This represents a change in the past society as some people had more rights than others (especially people with different social statuses), now (1770's), everybody had the same rights as well as the rights being equal.
The United States of America expanded their land during the American Revolution. The Northwest ordinance of 1787 stated that it was unjust to rip land out of the hands of the Indians when it was theirs in the first place. It's stated that land would only be taken from the Indians if they gave consent (Doc 2). The United States violated the Northwest Ordinance and wound up destroying Indian "nations". The United States were called the town destroyers, as well as (basically) being called hypocrites for taking the land/ "Country" of the Indians when they made the agreement to not take their land without their prior knowledge of said action taking place (Doc 3).
American society was greatly affected socially by the American Revolution. Compared to women in Europe, women in America already held a slightly greater role in society. That role would grow even larger by the end of the Revolution. The artwork of the time shows that the American soldiers and minutemen often depended on their wives, not only to assist them in their duties at camp but also to run the communities while they were off fighting. During this time, women still had very few rights, but as the Revolution went on, more and more women began fighting for equality. Although there were many issues that they were not happy with, receiving a lesser education was a large concern to them. Molly Wallace said, “No one will pretend to deny, that we should be taught to read in the best manner. And if to read, why not to speak?” (Doc. J) This was said as a part of her valedictorian speech at a young ladies’ academy. They were beginning to receive the education that they wanted, despite the fact that what they had to say still was not held as very important. With this education, they were able to become more active politically and give their own opinions on the issues of those times. Slavery was another social issue that was affected by the Revolution. In 1787 in the Northwest Ordinance, slavery was banned in any new states. Although they still would not ban slavery in the South, this is beginning of the outlawing of slavery (Doc. H). These two groups of people both began to receive more rights and be looked upon more highly as a result of the American Revolution.
One of the more negative social effects the American Revolution brought was the relationship of the Americans with the Indians. It is evident in the difference between what they had to say at the end of the war and what they had to say three years later. In the Chickasaw Chiefs’ message to Congress at the end of the war that they had high hopes for repairing their relationship, despite the assistance they had given the British (Doc. C). However, three years later, it is obvious that the Americans had no intention of reconciliation. In a speech at the Confederate council, one Indian said “It is now more than three years since peace was made between the King of Great Britain and you, but we, the Indians, were disappointed, finding ourselves not included in that peace?” (Doc. E) From this time on, the relationship between the Indians and the Americans spun out of control, eventually resulting in the decrease in Indian population and loss of their native land.
Economically, the war had very few positive effects. The debt caused by the war was immense and caused a devastating depression for the few years. The government attempted to solve this problem on their own, but it took a while for them to succeed. In Abigail Adams’ letter to Thomas Jefferson, the tension caused by the debt is very evident. She talks of communities turning on the courts and the government and of the wants and needs of those affected (Doc. G). Events such as Shay’s rebellion also show the discontent of citizens during these times. Eventually, America began promoting agriculture and turning back to a more agricultural society (Doc. F). This is when America’s economic situation really began to improve. They became more independent, and being less dependent on other countries helped bring them back together after the loss in unification during the difficult time of the events such as Shay’s Rebellion.
The greatest effects of the American Revolution lie in the political changes of American society between 1775 and 1800. The changes brought about during these times laid the foundation for the strong government of today. Although their first attempt at a Constitution did not succeed, the Articles of Confederation was a very important document in American history. It was ratified in 1781 and lasted until 1789. It had a weak central government and faced problems such as Shay’s Rebellion, the Newburgh Conspiracy, a large amount of debt, and other problems with farmers, merchants, artisans, and manufacturers. There were four main reasons the central government faced these problems:
1. They could not tax or make states give them money.
2. They could not control commerce between states.
3. Not only could the nation coin money, the states could coin money as well.
4. They could not make people fight in the military.
At the Annapolis Convention, Hamilton and Madison, along with others, realized that changes needed to be made to the Articles of Confederation and made plans to meet later in Philadelphia with representatives from each state. It was there that the Constitution was written after many long months of consideration and compromising. On December 7, 1787 Delaware unanimously voted to ratify, with most states following shortly after. It was ratified early in 1788. Although many amendments have been added to the Constitution since then, it is still the core of our government today.
The American Revolution was not only the end of an era but the beginning of a nation. The way the society developed economically, the social changes that began, and the political foundations that resulted from the American Revolution drastically affected society today in all three of those areas.
1 Name Block/Day Unit 3: Day 7 Bellwork: Vocabulary Matching 1) tyrant 2) imports 3) resist 4) massacre 5) propaganda A) To withstand an action or effect, to oppose. B) A cruel and oppressive ruler C) A brutal killing of a bunch of people D) Misleading information to persuade others point of view E) to bring goods into a country from a different country. DBQ Focus: Causes of the American Revolution Document-Based Question Format Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Historical Context: In the 1760s, shortly after the conclusion of the French and Indian War, the British Parliament passed a series of laws and taxes on the American Colonies. The colonists disagreed with Great Britain on the fairness of these laws and taxes, which led to conflict between the two sides. Eventually, this conflict erupted into the American Revolution. Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of social studies, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to Describe at least two and explain why the colonists thought these were. Discuss at least two actions American colonists took to Focus Question: What British laws or actions occurred that resulted in the colonist taking action to resist and request independence from England?
2 Document 1: Speech by Patrick Henry to the Virginia House of Burgesses, May 1765 in response to the Stamp Act We can under law be taxed only by our own representatives. We have no representatives in the British Parliament. So how can the British Parliament place this tax on us? It is simple; they cannot!the Stamp Act is against the law. We must not obey it King George is a tyrant. He breaks the laws. He is an enemy of his own people. 1) Why does Patrick Henry feel that the Stamp Act and other British tax laws are unlawful?  2) How does Patrick Henry describe King George III?  Organize your thoughts about Document 1. E E A
3 Document 2: Graph showing colonial trade with Great Britain 3) When did the greatest drop in British imports occur, and what event caused that decline?  Organize your thoughts about Document 2. E A A
4 Document 3: Stamp Act (1765) - enacted shortly after the French and Indian War British Currency 1765: 12 Pence = 1 Shilling 20 Shillings = 1 Pound = 240 Pence 4) Why did Great Britain enact the Stamp Act?  5) Identify three goods taxed by the Stamp Act? , & [ ] Organize your thoughts about Document 3. E A A
5 Document 4. Statement describing the Boston Tea Party- December 1773 "It was now evening, and I immediately dressed myself in the costume of an Indian, equipped with a small hatchet, which I and my associates denominated the tomahawk, with which, and a club, after having painted my face and hands with coal dust in the shop of a blacksmith, I repaired to Griffin's wharf, where the ships lay that contained the tea. When I first appeared in the street after being thus disguised, I fell in with many who were dressed, equipped and painted as I was, and who fell in with me and marched in order to the place of our destination. We then were ordered by our commander to open the hatches and take out all the chests of tea and throw them overboard, and we immediately proceeded to execute his orders, first cutting and splitting the chests with our tomahawks, so as thoroughly to expose them to the effects of the water. George Hughes December 16, ) What event is being described by George Hughes?  7) Why did the colonists dump the tea into the Boston Harbor?  Organize your thoughts about Document 4. A A E
6 Document 5: Intolerable Acts ) Identify two laws created as part of the Intolerable Acts? 9) What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts?  Organize your thoughts about Document 5. E A A
7 Document 6: Paul Revere s print of The Boston Massacre 1770 Due to many colonist protesting the increase in taxes and Quartering Act, Britain sent more soldiers to control the colonists. A crowd in Boston grew to about 50 people to protest the British. People yelled and threw rocks and snowballs at the British soldiers. The Redcoats shot into the crowd because they were frightened. Eleven people were shot and five died. Paul Revere was advertising his prints for sale in the Boston newspapers, three weeks after the occurrence March 5, Revere's historic engraving is propaganda rather than historical fact. Patriotic propaganda as seen here, called the incident a massacre to stir up feelings against the British government. He did this so more people would fight for independence. 10) What was Paul Revere s purpose of calling the incident in Boston a massacre?  Organize your thoughts about Document 6: Why did they believe it was? fight or resist British laws or A A E