Hamlet Essay, Research Paper
Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark and the rightful heir to the thrown of his dead father,
should have been King of Denmark and would have been King, but his Uncle married
Hamlet?s mother before he could claim his place. In the final act, Hamlet kills his uncle
to avenge the murder of his father, but is poisoned and dies. If Hamlet had not been
poisoned, survived the final act, and took over the thrown then he would of been the
perfect Machiavellian ruler. Hamlet had all the attributes described by Niccolo
Machiavelli to be a leader of Denmark?s monarchy. In Machiavelli?s famous document,
The Ruler, the leader must show that he is a good man, but when the time comes he must
be prepared to act ruthless and conniving, when ever he is too speak he must be constant
in showing good faith, kindness, godliness, and honesty, he must be greatly loved by the
people, and the rulers actions must always appear to be honourable and for the good of
the state. Hamlet shows all of these attributes and therefore if he had lived past the fifth
act he would have been one of the best King that Denmark ever had.
When ever Hamlet is in public, he appears to be the most nobel and moral of men.
Hamlet shows how great of a guy he right off the bat when we first meet him in act one.
The scene takes place at the wedding of Hamlet?s Mother and Uncle who are entering
into marriage right after the death of the King. Even though the Queen is doing
something as disgusting and unholy as to marry the brother of her dead husband when his
corpse hasn?t even become stiff, Hamlet is able to keep his cool in front of everyone. The
Queen asks Hamlet something and he responds calmly to her. I shall in my best to obey
you, madam.?(I, ii l.120). This is an amazing feet that Hamlet accomplishes to hold back
his anger. Later in the play Hamlet has no trouble being merciless. At one point, his
friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, are taking him to England to be killed, but
Hamlet sacrifices them to save himself. Although Hamlet seems to be the most
honourable of men to the people of Denmark, he has no trouble being ruthless.
If there is any one that show good faith, it has to be Hamlet. Through out the play Hamlet
is just exploding with good faith because he is deeply troubled by the impious deed in
which his mother married her brother inlaw. In the first act when he is alone, Hamlet
goes on one particular incensed rant, yelling out. O God, a beast that wants discourage
of reason/ Would have mourned longer-married with my uncle,/My father?s brother, but
no more like my father then I to Hercules. Within a month,…she(the Queen) married. O,
most wicked speed to post/ With such dexterity to incestuous sheets!?(I, ii l.150-157).
Hamlet just says that a stupid animal would have mourned longer then his mother did and
that his uncle is not even half the man that his father was that it is very disgusting that his
mother married so quickly to his uncle. The fact that Hamlet is so put off show that he
Machiavelli also states that the ruler must always appear honourable and do what is the
best for the country. Hamlet appears honourable through out the play and always does
what is for the good of the state. In the last scene Hamlet shows the best example of
being noble and doing the best for Denmark. Hamlet is poisoned and is about to die,
Horatio wants to kill himself, and there is no one to take over the thrown so Hamlet says
to Horatio. …I am dead;/Thou livest ; report me and my cause aright to the
satisfied.?(V,ii l.339-341). All Hamlet is saying is that he wants Horatio to stay around to
tell the story of Hamlet avenging the murder of his father, so his name is not tarnished.
To fix the matter of no one on the thrown of Denmark, to this Hamlet tells Horatio. But
I do prophesy th? election lights/ On Fortinbras. He has my dying voice. (V, ii l.356-357)
which means that Hamlet has now left Fortinbras, the Prince of Norway, in charge of
Denmark. Also in killing the murderous King, Hamlet does a great deed for the good of
the country. The fact that Hamlet had Horatio stay alive to tell Hamlet?s story to keep his
reputation and to have Fortinbras put in charge shows that Hamlet follows the code set by
To fit the Machiavelli mold of a ruler, Hamlet must also show that he is honest. Hamlet
is very blunt person. One particular scene where Hamlet is particular honest is with
Ophelia when he tells her what he really thinks of her. Get thee to a nunnery. Why
wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners??(III, i l.121-122). This is a perfect example of
Hamlet?s honesty where he is telling Ophelia how disgusted he is of her and all women.
For Hamlet to be so blunt and honest with someone he loves shows he is particularly
open. His openness with Ophelia just another attribute to add to his credentials to be a
Machiavelli also declares that to be great leader, the man must be greatly loved by the
public, which is the case for Hamlet. The King decides to send Hamlet out of the country
to England, not for a change in scenery, but so to he can be killed. The Kings reason for
this is. Yet must not we put the strong law on him: He?s loved of the distracted
multitude. (IV, iii l.3-4). In other words Hamlet must be treated well in Denmark for if
something happens the people wouldn?t be too happy, but if he is sent to England and
killed it wouldn?t seem as suspicious to the masses. The fact that people would rise up
over the murder of Hamlet, shows that he is greatly loved be the people.
Kindness is another attribute that Machiavelli says that the ruler must have. Hamlet
shows a great deal of kindness when he is reminiscing of his dead childhood friend
Yorick. He says. Alas, poor Yorick!I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite/ jest, of
most excellent fantasy. He hath borne me on/ his back a thousand times.?(V,i
l.185-188).Just reading these lines, one is able to invision this poor man, who has lost
everything he has loved, his mother, father, lover and this old friend, with deep
compassion for Yorick. It is almost impossible for anyone to think of Hamlet as anything
but kind hearted.
Godliness is the hardest to find in Hamlet, but it is there. It is particularly present in the
seen where he speaks to the ghost of his father. Horatio advises Hamlet not to follow the
spirit but Hamlet says. Why, what should be the fear?/ I do not set my life at a pin?s fee,/
and for my soul, what can it do to that,/ Being a thing immortal as itself?/ It waves me
forth, I?ll follow it. (I,iv l.64-68). All Hamlet is saying is that there is nothing to be
afraid of and that he will follow. The fact that Hamlet would follow something that, if it
had appeared by anyone else, they would run away from it, shows that Hamlet has a bit of
godliness about him.
So, if Hamlet had survived the final act of the play he would have been the greatest King
because he fits the Machiavellian view of a ruler. As described by Niccolo, Hamlet
always appears to be a good man, but is able to act ruthful when it is needed, he is greatly
loved by all of Denmark, his manners are always honourable and for the good of the
state, and he is steady when ever he speaks in exhibiting good faith, honesty, kindness,
Summary: This essay is a general analysis of the character of Hamlet.
Hamlet is an extremely complex character. There is a little mystery to him throughout the play, some little detail that is not being told. He is quite a morbid person.
[HOW WEARY, STALE, FLAT AND UNPROF'TABLE/ SEEM ALL THE USES OF THIS WORLD]
Hamlet is a masoginist, and this is obvious from his first soliloquay, where he first expresses his deep resentment for his mothers treachorous betrayal of his father.
[FRAILTY, THY NAME IS WOMAN]
The turning point in the play for Hamlet is the moment he finds out from his father's ghost that Old Hamlet was murdered. It mark's the beginning of his madness, whether it be entirely real or at least partly feigned.
[O VILLAIN, VILLAIN, SMILING, DAMNED VILLAIN]
Hamlet recognises that events such as ghost's speaking, brothers murdering and wives remarrying may exist outside the moral framework of the average man, but that we have.
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The essays are ideal for those taking examinations in English Literature.
Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark This paper is a brief overview scene by scene of the play Hamlet by Shakespeare with characters and quotes. 2012, 1145 words, 1 source(s). More Free Term Papers: Shakespeare's, "The Tragedy of Hamlet" This paper discusses the theme of masks, in Shakespeare's "The Tragedy of Hamlet". which develops early in the play and reaches a climax when all characters at one time hear false appearances. Shamanism This paper discusses the historical significance of shamaninsm in anthropology as a guide for understanding a general definition of shamanism. Shaquille Oneal This paper presents a personal description of why the basketball player, Shaquille O'Neal is admired by the writer and what this sportsman has taught the writer. Term Papers on "Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark" Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark I. a) Time: Sixteenth Century b) Place: Denmark c) Preliminary situation: King Hamlet, King of Denmark is killed. Hamlet the Prince's uncle, Claudius, receives the throne and marries Queen Gertrude. II. a) Initial Incident: A ghost appears to Marcellus and another guard who decide to inform Hamlet of it's presence. b) Rising Action: 1.2 Claudius, the new King, is holding court and thanks his subjects for their support.
He then sends an ambassador to Norway to protect from an invasion from Fortinbras, Hamlets second cousin. He gives Laertes permission to return to France but will not allow Hamlet to go to Wittenburg. Hamlet feels alone and is upset that his mother married so shortly after her husband's death. The guards arrive and tell Hamlet about the ghost and Hamlet agrees to join them that night in search of the ghost, his father.
1.3 At Polonius's room, Laertes says good-bye to his sister Ophelia and tells her not to trust Hamlet. Polonius arrives and says good-bye Laertes and offers him advice. He then talks to Ophelia about not seeing Hamlet and then orders her stay away from him. 1.4 Claudius is drinking the night and Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus see the ghost again. The ghost signals to Hamlet to come, but the others try and hold him back. Hamlet struggles free and moves towards the apparition. 1.5 The ghost tells Hamlet that he is the spirit of his father and that he was not poisoned, but murdered.
He demands that Hamlet avenge his death by murdering the killer, King Claudius. Hamlet promises to get revenge and orders the other to swear they haven't seen anything with the help of the ghost. 2.1 Polonius sends his servant, Reynaldo, to Paris to spy and ask about Laertes. Ophelia then enters the room and tells her father that Hamlet was visiting and was completely mad. Polonius believes that Hamlet has gone crazy due to the rejection from Ophelia and rushes off to inform the king. 2.2 King and Queen send Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, old school buddies, to spy on Hamlet and determine why he has gone crazy.
Polonius tells everyone that Hamlet is crazy because of unreturned love. Claudius isn't quite convinced that Hamlet really is crazy but agrees to help Polonius spy on him. Hamlet, when confronted by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, pretends to be mad so no one will find out about the ghost and what Hamlet knows. Then, a group of touring actors enters the scene and Hamlet makes one of them recite a speech he likes. When finished, Hamlet realizes that the actor read the speech with more emotion than Hamlet had for avenging his fathers death.
Hamlet then convinces the actors to put on a play similar to his father's death so he could tell by Claudius's reaction whether he was guilty or not. 3.1 Rosencrantz and Guildenstern return and tell Polonius and Claudius that they couldn't find a reason for Hamlets madness. Polonius then decides to place Ophelia where he and Claudius can listen in on their conversation, hers and Hamlets. Hamlet is nice to her at first, but when he suspects someone is listening, he becomes abusive and cruel to her. Claudius, who is no fool, realizes that Hamlet is not crazy because of Ophelia, so decides to send Hamlet away to England because he is starting to fear his own life. Polonius persuades Claudius not to send Hamlet away until after he has talked with Gertrude.
3.2 Hamlet and Horatio watch as the actors do the play. Hamlet is mean again to Ophelia, but all is sudden when Claudius gets upset and cancels the play. It's at this point that Hamlet knows that Claudius did in fact murder King Hamlet. Hamlet is convinced later by Guildenstern and Rosencrantz to talk with Gertrude. c) Climax: Hamlet kills Polonius instead of Claudius, and once you kill someone, you can't turn back. d) Falling Action: 3.4 After killing Polonius, Hamlet verbally attacks his mother for marrying so shortly after her husbands death. Gertrude starts to believe that Hamlet isn't mad, when the ghost comes back in the room, and only Hamlet can see it.
Gertrude then decides again that he is crazy. Hamlet leaves with Polonius' body and begs his mother to leave Claudius. 4.1 Gertrude tells Claudius that Hamlet murdered Polonius. Claudius then sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to find Hamlet and the body. 4.2 Hamlet doesn't tell them where the body is. 4.3 Hamlet is brought to Claudius and is told to leave for England. Claudius tells the audience he is sending Hamlet to his death.
4.4 On his journey, Hamlet crosses Fortinbras on their way to Poland. Hamlets finds a model for avenging his father's death in Fortinbras. 4.5 Ophelia enters the Queens room singing about death and flowers. Laertes returns in anger and wants to kill Claudius for all this done to his family. Claudius assures him that he had nothing to do with it, and that it was all Hamlet. 4.6 Hamlet sends Horatio a letter telling him about his return to Denmark.
4.7 Another letter is received from Hamlet, this time by Claudius. Claudius persuades Laertes to help him murder Hamlet. They decide to do it by stabbing him with a poisoned sword. Gertrude enters and informs them that Ophelia has drowned. 5.1 Hamlet is in the graveyard with Horatio.
Hamlet has a soliloquy about who's grave this is. The funeral procession arrives and he learns of Ophelia's death. Him and Laertes begin to brawl, but it is broken up quickly. 5.2 Hamlet has agreed to a fencing match between he and Laertes. They begin to fight and then Laertes stabs Hamlet with the poisoned sword.
They fight some more and the swords fall. They pick up the wrong ones and Laertes gets stab with the poisoned sword. Gertrude accidentally drinks the poisoned wine and dies, and a dying Laertes tells everyone about how Claudius had planned this whole wicked event. Hamlet kills Claudius and tells Horatio all the details. Hamlet then dies as well. e) Conclusion: Before his death, Hamlet names Fortinbras heir to the Danish throne. Fortinbras claims the throne and orders Hamlet a military funeral.
III. Characters: Hamlet: A devastated young man who find the power to avenge his father's death. Claudius: An extremely sinister person who murders his brother the king and causes the deaths of many good innocent people. Gertrude: A helpless bystander who is ruined by Claudius and Hamlet's vengeance.
IV. Theme: Revenge, which can consume a person's thinking, is a useless emotion. V. Personal Response: I enjoyed this play very much. The first time through reading it didn't appeal to me as much but after seeing 2 movie versions and discussing it in depth it has really grabbed me.
It also makes me look at revenge as a more evil thing than I did before. Revenge is a silly game and I'm better of not playing it. VI. Quotations: "Why, the, 'tis none to you, for there is nothing good or bad but thinking makes it so.
To me, it is a prison" (Hamlet: 2.2 268-270) "Let me not think on't; frailty, they name is woman!" (Hamlet: 1.2 150) "This above all: to thine own self be true. " (Polonius: 1.3 84)
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29 November 2014. Author: Criticism
Hamlet. Prince Of Denmark Essay, Research Paper
Characters:Ghost. ghost of hamlet, the former king of Denmark.Claudius. King of Denmark, the former King?s Brother.Gertrude. Queen of Denmark, the widow of the former King and now the wife of Claudius.Hamlet. Prince of Denmark, son of the late King and of Gertrude.Polonius. councillor to the king.Laertes. his son.Ophelia. his daughter.Reynaldo. his servant.Horatio. Hamlet?s friend and fellow student Voltimand Cornelius Rosencrantz Guildenstern Members of the Danish CourtOsricA GentlemanA LordBernardoFrancisco Officers and soldiers on watchMarcellusFortinbras. prince of NorwayCaptain. in his armyPlayersMessengersFirst sailorClownsPriestFirst Ambassador. From England
Plot:Act 1 Scene 1The scene is the Castle at Elsinore. Bernardo relieves Francisco, at about midnight. Marcellus who joins Bernardo in the watch along with Horatio who was told of the appearance the previous night. Horatio believes it to be a illusion until it appears. You learn that the ghost has appeared twice in the same armor that the king wore to fight Fortinbras, king of Norway, and the Poles who he defeated. The ghost appears again and again Horatio challenges it to speak. At the crow of the cock it moves and disappears. The three agree that they should tell Hamlet of this appearance. Act 1 Scene 2The scene is in a stateroom at Elsinore. The Lord Chamberlain Polonius, his son Laertes and other members of the court accompany the king and Queen, Claudius and Gertrude. They speak of the mourning of the death of his brother, King Hamlet. He also says that desecration prohibit excessive grief. Next he speaks of Fortinbras who demands the surrender of the lands lost by his father to King Hamlet. Claudius has sent Cornelius and Voltimand with a letter to the bedridden king of Norway to restrain his nephew. The suit of Laertes asks if he should leave for France after attending Denmark for the coronation ceremonies. And his father and the king give him permission.The king and queens attention is now towards young hamlet. They are wondering why he is still grieving of his father?s death. They then realize that it is sweet and commendable for hamlet to show love for is father by immediate grief. The queen asks hamlet to stay at Elsinore and hamlet says that he will obey her and the king commends him.Hamlet is left alone in the room and expresses his innermost thoughts, and admits that he would commit suicide if it were not against god?s law.Horatio, Marcellus and Bernardo then join hamlet. Hamlet greet them, but when Horatio explains that he has come for the funeral of his father, Hamlet responds that he has only come for the wedding. Hamlet in talking mentions that he has seen his father and Horatio expresses interest because of there own sighting. Alone once more the prince expresses his convection that the ghost appareled like his father, is an omen the “All is not well.” Act 1 Scene 3At Polpnius? house Laertes is saying farewell to his sister, Ophelia. He warns her not to take Hamlet seriously and to protect her virtue. Polonius enters and offers advice to Laertes on how to conduct himself. After Laertes leaves Polonius turns to Ophelia and says that the prince has been attentive to her. He scoffs that the intentions are serious and honorable. Ophelia is to avoid the prince and the daughter replies that she will. Act 1 Scene 4This scene takes place on the platform near midnight. Horatio and Marcellus are on the platform and as arranged Hamlet has joined them. In the background there is music and dancing and drinking, Hamlet explains that this behavior has earned the Danes a reputation for drunkenness. Then the ghost appears. Hamlet addresses it “Hamlet, King, father.” The ghost beckons to the prince. Both Horatio and Marcellus forcibly hold Hamlet back but he can not be restrained. Both are convinced that Hamlet is in a state of desperation, the two follow the ghost and Hamlet, the Prince. Act 1 Scene 5The ghost tells Hamlet that he is doomed for a time to walk on earth during the night and to endure purgatorial flames during the day for the sins he has committed during life.The ghost then tells Hamlet that it was actually Claudius who killed King Hamlet, by pouring poison into the ear while sleeping. Hamlet is then called upon to kill his uncle to prevent him from ruling Denmark. However the ghost does not want the queen to suffer, she is to suffer enough with her conscience and in heaven.He then calls upon Marcellus and Horatio to take a oath of secrecy about what they just witnessed. While they are at the platform Hamlet is moving about the platform and hears a voice saying “swear.” They finally take the oath and Hamlet thanks his friends and then expresses his heartfelt desolation.
Act 2 Scene 1In this scene Polonius instructs Reynaldo to joinery to Paris where Laertes is and to give him money, and also messages. He is also sent there to find out how he is acting. He is to find out from the other Danish from Paris. Ophelia then enters the room. She tells Polonius that she has talked to Hamlet. He was is disarray in clothing and physical appearance. Polonius then says that he is like this because Ophelia has refuse to accept his attention as part of his love madness. Polonius then decides that he must tell the king of his prince?s behavior. Act 2 Scene 2This scene takes place in the castle. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are asked to talk to hamlet and report back to the king and queen the behavior of the Hamlet. They seem to agree because of the authority the king and queen has.Polonius then enters and announces the arrival of Cornelius and Voltimand from Norway. They report that the king has calmed his nephew but would like to travel through Denmark?s land to make war with the Poles.Polonius then tells the king and the queen of the behavior of Hamlet. He gives the reason for the behavior as being a infatuation with his daughter. When Hamlet enters everybody leaves so that Polonius can talk to Hamlet and question him. Through his answers Hamlet is able to convince Polonius that he is infatuated and is acting the way he is because he is a victim of unrequited love.Polonius then leaves and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern enter. Hamlet greets them as friends. But then finds out that they have been to find out about Hamlets behavior. Hamlet then tells them what to say to the King and Queen.During a play that has been brought to the castle Hamlet watches Claudius to see if he reacts to a certain part of the play. Claudius? reaction has Hamlet thinking that he is actually be lead by the devil to commit these deeds and to lead him to damnation.
Act 3 Scene 1In the beginning of the scene Rosencrantz and Guildenstern report to the King and Queen of the condition of Hamlet. They tell them the he does feel distracted, but that keeps himself up with a crafty madness. Polonius adds that Hamlet will like to have them see the players performance. The queen leaves and the king and Polonius and the King plan to have Ophelia and Hamlet meet and the king and Polonius are to listen in on the conversation.When Ophelia and Hamlet meet, Ophelia is reading the book of Devotions and assumes that she is really reading. The prince asks her to pray for him. After some talking Ophelia says that she has received gifts from him but Hamlet pronounce that he never sent gifts and that he never loved her and questions her honesty. They end the conversation with Hamlet telling Ophelia to enter a nunnery.After Hamlet leaves the King and Polonius join Ophelia. Claudius is somewhat convinced that the affliction is not because of love. The king thinks that the situation will not harm him the king is thinking of sending Hamlet to England. Polonius still fells that it is love that is problemming Hamlet however he endorses the Kings decision. Polonius then suggests that one more attempt to attain the secret Hamlet is hiding. The queen is to talk to him alone. Act 3 Scene 2In this scene the king is shown the play of the players. The play has been modified by Hamlet. During a certain scene having poison poured in his ear while asleep kills the king in the story. During the play Hamlet and Horatio watch the king very carefully, especially during the scene that has been modified. The king reacts in such a way that the play is stopped.Hamlet is then informed that the queen wishes to speak with him.Act 3 Scene 3Claudius instructs Rosencrantz and Guildenstren to go with Hamlet to England as soon as possible. Claudius is guilt stricken and identifies himself with Cain. He reveals many of his thoughts at this time to Polonius.Hamlet enters with a drawn sword but retrains from killing Claudius. Hamlet is determined that Claudius dies in a state of sin. Act 3 Scene 4Polonius has already gone to the to the Queens chamber and has hidden. A fight breaks out between Hamlet and his mother. Polonius is noticed and Hamlet Kills him with out knowing who it actually is. The ghost then appears, but only to hamlet.Hamlet then speaks gently to his mother, and then expresses regret for the death. He wishes his mother a goodnight and says that he has to be cruel to be kind. And he removes to body of Polonius and again bids the queen a good night.
Act IV Scene 1 During this scene Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dsmissed and the Queen express concern for Hamlet sying that he is mad. The king charges himself with being derelict for not restraining Hamlet earlier he wonders how he will be able to explain Polonius? death to the subjects. The king states that he must be sent away to England, and he calls Guildenstern.Act IV Scene 2 Hamlet, adopting the same ironic and riddling style discourse which he used before, refuses to tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern where the body of polonius is. But he agrees to go with them to see the King.Act IV Scene 3 Addressing a small group of Cortiers, Claudius states that he has sent for Hamlet, Who must be confined, despite his dangerous lunacy. The king calls to Guildenstern to bring in the prince. While being questioned, Hamlet answers the king very cynically and using evasion. Hamlet finally tellls where they can find the body. After Hamlet has left the king order that guildenstern and Rosencrantz make sure that he is on a boat to England by tonight. Hamlet is to be put to death as soon as he arrives in England.Act IV Scene 4 Fortinbras leads his army across a plain in Denmark. He leaves a captain to greet Claudius and get approval for the march through Danich territory. Hamlet learns that that the fight is for a worthless piece of land .Act IV Scene 5 A court of gentleman informs Gertrude that Ophelia seems to be out of her mind and in her pitiable state has become troublesome. Horatio points out that her wild discourse may arouse suspicion. Claudius then joins in on a conversation with ophelia and the Queen. Claudius addresses her graciously but recieves no rational reply. He is convienced that her fathers death has driven her mad. At night Laertes has brought a mob to the castle. They are about to break in. Claudis talks to Laertes and makes him believe that he will join him in punishing the murder.Act IV Scene 6 Horatio recieves a letter and learns that the ship that hamlet was on was attacked by pirates. Hamlet was made captive and the ship is bringing Hamlet back to Denmark.Act IV Scene 7 The King has told Laertes that Hamlet Killed Polonius and sought to kill the king. When Laertes asks the king why he did not punish the prince while he had a chance the king responds with two answers one being his mother and two being the support of the people would be lost. Then the messenger comes in and gives the king and the queen the letters. This is when they find out that Hamlet is back in Denmark and the King immediately figures a way to kill Hamlet. The King is going to arrange a fencing match in which Hamlet will be killed during. Gertrude then enters and informs Laerts that his sister has drowned while hanging garlands on a willow tree.Act V Scene 1 The scene starts of with two gravediggers conversing about what type of funeral Ophelia should be given. Hamlet and Horatio and Hamlet questions the first gravedigger. The funeral prossession enters. Laertes complains that the priest was limited on the rites accordded his died sister. When Ophelias body is lowered, the Queen strews the coffin with flowers and speaks touchingly of her defeated hope the Ophelia and Hamlet to marry. Laertes then leaps into the grave ontop of the coffin. Hamlet then comes out from the shadows and also jumps into the grave and laertes attcks Hamlet. Hamlet declars that he loved Ophelia more the her brother ever did.Act V Scene 2 Hamlet now has time to talk to Horatio all that he experienced on the travel to England. He explains that he found the instructions to have Hamlet killed when he arrived in England. Hamlet then changes the instructions so that Rosencrantz and guildenstern are to be killed. Horatio then points out that the king will soon find out that they were killed. Later Hamlet is challenged to a duel that is to take place in front of the Queen, King and the entire court. Horatio warns Hamlet that he will lose the wager. The adience then enters to watch the duel. They are given the swords and begin the match. Hamlet gets the first hit and Claudius calls for the cup of wine for the prince to drink, but Hamlet refuses to drink until the match is over. Gerttrude then picks up the cup as the match continues and drinks from Hamlet?s cup. Hamlet is eventually injured and in the scuffle the rapiers are exchanged by mistake. Laertes is then hit and is bleeding while the Queen colapses. Hamlet then calls for the doors to be looked that the treachery be exposed to the assembled members of the court. Laertes then speaks up andstates that not only he but also Hamlet is near death. He then declares that the Queen has been poisoned and that the author of all this destruction os Claudius. Hamlet then tells Horatio to report everything that has happened. Fortibras then enter with the English ambassadors and all are shocked. Horatio then speaks of what has happened. Hamlet has declared Fortibras the king of Denmark. Fortibras then orders four captains to see that Hamlet is accorded full honors, including “soldiers” music and rites of war.