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Australian Aboriginal Dot Art Essay - 5855 Words

Australian Aboriginal Dot Art


June 2012
Explain how the above has evolved and where dot art has come from 3
Aboriginal Art: Traditional to Contemporary 4
Research 5
When 5
Where 5
Who 6
Why the modern aboriginal “dot art” movement started? 6
Geoffrey Bardon 6
The Honey Ant Mural, July 1971 7
Pintupi people from the Western Desert 7
Diversity within “dot art” - showing two different artists works. 8
Uta Uta Tjangala - Traditional Artist 8
Uta Uta Tjangala Paintings 10
Tjungkaya Napaltjarri known as Linda Syddick - Traditional Artist or Contemporary 12
Linda Syddick’s Paintings 13
Different indigenous art styles throughout Australia and examples 14
Dot Painting 14
X-ray Style 14
Rock Art 15
Bark Paintings 16
Explore the difference between: art for tourist, art for galleries, art for traditional reasons 17
References 19


Aboriginal art has been overshadowed by the idea that it is primarily presented in dots. It has got to the point where people believe that certain Aboriginal people own the dot and artists both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal are hesitant to use consecutive dots within artwork. Explain how the above has evolved and where dot art has come from

Dot paintings today are recognised globally as unique and integral to Australian Aboriginal art. On the surface the dot is simply a style of Aboriginal painting, like the use of cross-hatching or stencil art. Exploring deeper into the history of the Aboriginal dot painting a world of camouflage, secrecy and ritual is discovered. The term ‘dot painting’ stems from what the Western eye sees when faced with contemporary Aboriginal acrylic paintings. This painting style arose from the Papunya art movement in the 1970s. Papunya Tula artists used a process which originally mirrored traditional spiritual ceremonies. In such rituals the soil would be cleared and smoothed over as a canvas (much like the dark, earthy boards used by the Papunya Tala) for the inscription of sacred designs, replicating movements of ancestral beings upon earth. These Dreaming designs were outlined with dancing circles and often surrounded with a mass of dots. Afterward the imprinted earth would be smoothed over, painted bodies rubbed away, masking the sacred-secrets which had taken place. This ritual was shifted from ground to canvas by the Papunya Tula who eventually added an array of naturally produced colours to the restricted palette of red, yellow, black and white produced from ochre, charcoal and pipe clay. Such pieces reveal a map of circles, spirals, lines, dashes and dots, the traditional visual language of the Western Desert Aboriginal People. However these marks were permanent and due to arising interest made public, creating internal political uproar. Consequently representations of sacred objects were forbidden or concealed through the dotting technique. Now that the collecting of pieces of Aboriginal art has become so popular world-wide, a common, mistaken belief is that the Dot Painting Style of Central Australia is a recent development. This belief arises because it was in the 1960s that a Central Australian school teacher encouraged the old men of the tribe to record their art on European sheets of board, using acrylic paints. This use of acrylic paints on flat board dates from that time. However, the art style itself, with geometric designs, is seen in the petroglyphs (rock engravings) dating back thousands of years.

Ancient petroglyphs showing concentric circles (non-naturalistic art style), inland South Australia The use of dots was once Australia-wide, particularly seen on body decoration when people are painted for ceremonies, and paintings in the remote Kimberley region where dots are clearly seen on the body decoration of some of the earliest human figures, likely to be older than 20,000 years. (See accompanying photo.)

Dot decoration on the.

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 Australian Indigenous art is the oldest ongoing tradition of art in the world. Initial forms of artistic Aboriginal expression were rock carvings, body painting and ground designs, which date back more than 30,000 years. The quality and variety of Australian Indigenous art produced today reflects the richness and diversity of Indifenous culture and distinct differences between tribes, languages, dialects and geographic landscapes. Art has always been an important of Aboriginal life, connection past and present, the people and the land, and the supernatural and reality. More often than not, Australia’s Indigenous art is described as the oldest surviving art tradition in the world, yet categorizing the history of its production as art history has been attempted only recently. Aboriginalart had been know worldwide through the process of European colonialism, and the last 200 years of colonial history have had an immense impact on Aboriginal society. Reading Howard Morphy’s book AboriginalArt . it seemed interesting to ask ourselves the following questions. How do we understand the role of Aboriginalart in structuring the relations between Aborigines and outsiders, especially Europeans. In what parts of Australia, what.

2333 Words | 10 Pages

AboriginalArt Traditional Aboriginal Painting Methods Aboriginalart has become Australia’s most internationally known art form. The aboriginal people mainly used ochre for artworks, such as on rock, wood, bark and the human body.Ochre is mined from particular sites. It is a special type of rock that’s heavily coloured because of the iron oxide contained inside, and comes in a variety of colours: yellow, white, red, purple (it is identical to red ochre chemically but of a different hue) and brown. It could be used on rock (cave walls, or just big rocks), wood (shields, log coffins, etc.), bark and skin, and artifacts. To get the paint from ochre rocks, one simply needs to find a rich coloured rock, ground it up, and add oil.Other materials such as charcoal and plant colourings were used to make black and dark green. Twigs, fibres and fingers were also used to get different strokes of paint, similar to the use of paintbrushes. Art is central to the Aboriginal life. It can be made for political, social, utilitarian and didactive purposes, and is inherently connected to the religious domain. Art is also a means by which the present is connected with the past and the humans with the supernatural. Art also activates the powers of the ancestral beings, expresses individual and group identity and the.

632 Words | 3 Pages

Aboriginal Culture AustralianAboriginal culture includes a number of practices and ceremonies centered on a belief in the Dreamtime. Reverence for the land and oral traditions are emphasised. Language groupings and tribal divisions exhibit a range of individual cultures. AustralianAboriginalart has existed for thousands of years and ranges from ancient rock art to modern watercolour landscapes. Aboriginal music has developed a number of unique instruments. Contemporary Australianaboriginal music is predominantly of the country music genre. Indigenous Australians did not develop a system of writing. * A Bora is an initiation ceremony in which young boys (Kippas) become men. * A corroboree is a ceremonial meeting for AustralianAboriginal people. * Fire-stick farming, identified by Australian archaeologist Rhys Jones in 1969, is the practice of regularly and systematically burning patches of vegetation used in Central to Northern Australia to facilitate hunting, to reduce the frequency of major bush-fires, and to change the composition of plant and animal species in an area. "Burning off", as it is often called, reduces the fuel-load for a potential major bush fire, while fertilising the ground and increasing the number of young plants, providing.

2319 Words | 7 Pages

2013 Assignment #2 Distinctive Rock Art of Australia: The Kimberley and Central Australia Rock art is expressed through distinctive forms of carvings and paintings that are found throughout various regions within Australia. These distinctive art forms have recognisable differences and similarities that can be seen from the Kimberley and sites in Central Australia. This essay will show the similarities and differences between rock carvings and paintings in central Australia and the Kimberly, as well as assessing the role that antiquity plays when comparing these two regions rock art forms. Within Australia hunting peoples created most rock art and in this analysis it can be assumed that humanly made repeated patterns function as a by-product of a technical process contain, which has encoded information at these sites. It has also been determined that Aboriginal rock art is an ancient form of portraying cultural expression and information (Davidson 1936). Rock art can be defined as the deliberate communication through visual forms; further, rock art consists of the messages expressed in durable forms, illuminating the achievements of Aboriginal cultures (Layton 1992). It is important in this context to differentiate rock art from engravings that were not created deliberately through art forms to.

1718 Words | 5 Pages

AustralianAboriginalart . song and dance has been the corner stone of culture since the beginning of their existence. Having no form of written language Aboriginalart . songs, and dances passed down through the generations have been the heartbeat that has kept this ancient culture alive. Even though the art . medium, song, and dance of each Aboriginal tribe may be completely different, they all serve the same purposes; create ceremony, and to inform each member of the tribe of their history, spiritual beliefs, values, and expectations for cultural norm and behaviour. It is not until recently that Aboriginalart has stopped depicting Dreaming stories and has begun to be used for other purposes, such as self expression and emotion release (Pizzi, 13). However as the customary Aboriginal ways of life have been continually interrupted and battered, the personal identity of Aboriginal people and their culture has deteriorated and is in great danger of dying out completely. For tens of thousands of years Aboriginals have created art on rocks, tree bark, the ground and their bodies, with dyes, paints, seeds, plants, sand, and ochres. It is these art works which create a visual language expressing the legends, morals, and history specific to each Aboriginal tribe.

1307 Words | 4 Pages

Introduction Aboriginals or indigenous Australians are the native people of Australia. Aboriginals were nomadic people who came to Australia about 40,000 – 60,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. Religion is a great part of Aboriginal culture. The essay answers these questions: What do Aboriginals belief? What is a Kinship system? What is Dreaming and Dreamtime? What rituals does Aboriginals have? Religion The Aborigines have a complex belief in creation, spirits and culture that gives a definite distinctiveness from any other religion in the world. Thousands of years ago, AustralianAboriginal people were living in accordance with their dreamtime beliefs- today, a majority of the Aboriginal community profess allegiance to Christianity, and only 3% still adhere to traditional beliefs. These beliefs have provided the Aboriginal people with guidance and perspective on all aspects of life. There were many variants to these beliefs and practises throughout the many Aboriginal tribal areas, but all Aboriginal people have developed an intimate relationship between themselves and their environment. They see themselves as spiritually bound to the natural world. The Dreamtime The Dreamtime specifically refers to the period of time when the creators made the territory of a tribe and all it contained. It was a.

1084 Words | 4 Pages

AustralianAboriginal Beliefs and Spiritualties The Dreaming Question 1: The Nature of the Dreaming and its relation to the origins of the universe is to express how the earth and land was formed by their ancient ancestors that rose from their eternal sleep and created life. The Sacred sites are considered to be the water holes, rock formations and caves, the uses for these sacred sites are burial grounds, ceremonial meeting places and significant places such as birthing caves. The Dreaming also has stories that help to portray its meaning for example the Kangaroo man or the rainbow serpent. AboriginalArt was considered to be one of the most significant things in an essential part of Aboriginal life, the Art was to tell great stories and show significant ideas and as a way of teaching. Question 2: The importance and significance of the Dreaming to Aboriginal people Is Not just to act as a form of Guidance but it is a way of life for Aborigines It basically is their code of life, It is essential to the life of traditional Aboriginal people and their lifestyle and culture, for it determines their values and beliefs and their relationships with every living creature and every feature of the landscape. It is the way Aboriginal people explain the beginning of life and how everything in their world came into being. What links the People and the.

730 Words | 2 Pages

“Why do Aboriginal people have an unbroken and ongoing connection with the City of Sydney”. Discuss this statement in relation to an ‘Aboriginal Sydney’ event/exhibition/artifact. The city of Sydney is home to the largest Aboriginal population, which have maintained a living, continuous, day-to-day connection with the place for over 60,000 years. While the European invasion aimed to destroy any remains of this race, their strong spiritual presence remains unbroken. A major reason for the ongoing nature of this connection is that Aboriginal Peoples regard Sydney as a lifeline to their self-identity and it’s rich culture provides a constant reminder of the lifestyles of past generations. Even though traditions may not be widely practiced today due to increased urbanization and modernization, contemporary Aboriginal Peoples are still aware of the significance of their role in society as the First Natives of Sydney. Heiss (2001, p.25) mentions that connections nowadays are bound through oral histories of familial lines to communicate the significance of places within Sydney rather than carrying out traditional practices. Museums act as a place’s collective memory, often reinforcing sense of place, being and community. The Museum of Sydney is famous for its award winning ‘Edge of the Trees’ sculpture that was created to mark the first site of contact between the Aboriginal Peoples and.

1650 Words | 5 Pages

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Australian Art - Tourism Australia

Australian Art

Learn more about Australian art, from ancient Aboriginal artwork to Australian sculpture and contemporary Australian photography.

Get an overview of our artistic history, famous Australian artists and major art prizes.

Delve into our cities and their cultural attractions, including big Australian art galleries such as the Art Gallery of NSW and the Gallery of Modern Art Brisbane. We'll tell you where to find the biggest contemporary art gallery in Sydney and that must-see Melbourne art gallery.

Find out where you can experience Australia's living Aboriginal art history. Learn about the ancient indigenous artwork of Kakadu, the Kimberley and the Flinders Ranges. Read about Canberra's enormous collection of Aboriginal artwork or about Darwin's art precincts, which feature more than one up-and-coming Aboriginal artist.

From the artists of Australia to aboriginal art in Australia, we have the art of Australia covered.

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Australian History Essays, Research Papers & Term Papers (354) essays Australian History essays:

the South, backed by Communist North Vietnam, to overthrow the government of South Vietnam. This struggle quickly widened into a full scale international war and the US promptly sent troops to help South Vietnam in its struggle against North Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by communist USSR.

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prosperity to many. And during the fifties there were far more American films released in Australia, and they became more popular than many Australian films. Films were of great influence to the youth of the 1960s, films such as The Wild One and Rebel Without A Cause showed a new type of teenager.

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the convicts be best sent to Botany Bay in New South Wales. Sir Banks thought the climate would be good in New South Wales. So that the New South Wales would not be hot or too cold for the convicts. Also that New South Wales was too far away from England so the convicts.

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The book contained a remarkable amount of information relating to the colony, with many proposals for the improvement of its government. In the book he advocated an elected assembly for New South Wales, trial by jury and settlement of Australia by free emigrants rather than convicts.

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the end of the white Australia policy, restaurants from every Asian country can be found in Australia for example, Thailand, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Cambodia, Malaysia and Indonesia. 2. Leisure- The cultures of Asia have contributed a great deal to Australian leisure activities. Australians.

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communist countries, China and Russia. While the south was supported by the United states of America. The north gradually began to send their troops over the south border, after receiving support from people who shared their views from the south. Thus began the Vietnam civil war. The Vietnam.

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the cabinet and the federal party over the East Sydney by-election. He was supported by four of his colleagues and when the Beasley group voted with the opposition the government fell. Lyons and his supporters joined with the Nationalists to form the United Australia Party. In New South Wales the.

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were redesigned to save on materials. The upper class of Australian society were not affected by the Depression to the extent of the rest of Australia's population. The Scullin Government had a hard job and different measures were tackled to change the situation. The Theodore, Jack Lang and Sirotto.

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changes in the economy, to alterations in the use of urban and rural space, and to a shift from an almost monocultural society to a highly diverse one. Some of the cultural effects of this change have been the introduction of more than 200 languages into Australian life, the growth of.

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the Americans. The Domino Theory turned out to be wrong, which was one of the main motives in first sending troops to Vietnam. Even thought the Communists took over Laos and Cambodia, it stopped there. Australia itself was the whole time under no real threat. The Vietnam.

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Art Theories and Influence on Artists Essay

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Surrealism “Surrealism was a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely that the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world.

Essay Question: Discuss how theories about art influence the practice of artists and/or art critics or historians

Practice in art refers to the decisions and actions that affect choices, perceptions, ways of working and views of an artist or art historian. Tim Storrier sums up the practice of an artist by saying that �A painting is really a graphic illustration of where a particular artist is at that point in his life and the art encompasses what the artist has gone

The Connection Between Art & Reality
What is the connection between art and reality? Art is self-expression of the artist’s reality. Geographical environment, the origin of social circumstances, and particular period and style, influence the artists.

through in their life.� On art historians and critics he says �Other people come along and interpret the painting with their own life experiences� The subjectivity involved in a critic or art historian�s views are extremely high.

The practice of Tim Storrier is informed by the theories of painting an idea with a poetic edge. This idea then goes searching for �totems� to portray itself upon. Storrier speaks about this theory: �My paintings don�t start with visual stimulation, it�s usually

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an intellectual idea with a poetic edge, then the idea goes searching for different totems to portray itself upon.� Storrier elaborates further that �The bottom line of my paintings is that they are trying to come up with totemic images about Australia. We don�t have many, for me the true totemic image of Australia is the horizon.� A totem is a natural object that is usually the emblem of a clan in a tribal group. Storrier�s totems are a natural

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Salvador Dali' was born on May 11, 1904 in the town of Figeuras. His father was a respected notary. His whole family, father, mother, and younger sister, encouraged his interest.

object that he can apply his poetic idea to.

We see from these quotes that the theory of Tim Storrier�s art is concerned with the idea of painting �totemic images� and that the paintings are trying to come up with totemic images about Australia. Storrier believes that the totemic image of Australia is the horizon. Storrier is using both the Subjective and Cultural frames in his artwork. Storrier uses the cultural frame to emphasise the point that his belief is

The life and work of Andy Warhol has inspired many writers to tell of the artist’s secrets in published writings. However, Carter Ratcliff accomplishes this feat in a unique fashion.

that the horizon is the totemic icon of Australia. The horizon is included in most Australian paintings and has become an integral feature of Australian artworks. Storrier was influenced by Australian artists Russel Drysdale and Sydney Nolan. Both these artists use the horizon as a key feature of their paintings. Storrier incorporates the horizon in almost every painting and the main idea of his paintings are the horizon, not the actual objects he portrays in them. Storrier�s theory on the

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horizon being the totemic image of Australia stems from his love of the horizon, even as a child �I was always gazing at what lay beyond the horizon. The beauty of distance.� This shows that Storrier is working from the subjective frame as well as the cultural frame. An important quote from Storrier is this: �My burning rope pictures, the series called Point to Point, are totemic images of a journey from one point to another in the landscape of

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life, but they are really about the horizons beyond the burning rope.� This quote shows us that Storrier�s personal theories on the totemic image of Australia being the horizon is incorporated into his artworks. We can see from this that the personal theories of art influence the practice of artists.

Another proof of how Storrier�s theory of art is painting a totem to portray an idea with a poetic edge was when he divorced his wife in 1984. �Storrier, raging

. Introduction [ ] Print section [ ] Modern Art. painting, sculpture, and other forms of 20th-century art. Although scholars disagree as to precisely when the modern period began.

with pain and anger, painted a totem for his traumatic state� He thought of a totem and gave the totem an idea with a poetic edge to show his feelings and traumatised state. The painting was called �The Burn�. The totem in the painting that reflected his raging view and traumatised state was a carcase of meant with a burning rope following the contour of the spine as a symbol of a flayed body. The ribs are showing, the penis

. Introduction [ ] Print section [ ] Modern Art. painting, sculpture, and other forms of 20th-century art. Although scholars disagree as to precisely when the modern period began.

is blood red, the testicles droop. This shows further evidence of Storrier working in the subjective frame. It is interesting to note how storrier communicates his feelings so effectively. A humans ribs, spine and testicles are the most painful part of a body to hurt, and Storrier uses these 3 body parts to communicate his area of pain. In this instance it was all the hurt and anguish of breaking up with his wife.

Critics and art historians also have

Warhol by Ratcliff
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theories about art and these theories influence what the critics and historians have to say about the artist. A critic�s view includes his or hers personal experiences and this is how critics and art historians work under the subjective framework. Tim Storrier comments on this by saying, �Other (critics and art historians) people come along and interpret the painting with their own life experiences.� Critics and art historians views include the cultural frame as the idea�s and theories of critics

Warhol By Ratcliff
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and art historians change around the world. We can see this by juxtaposing two views of critics � one from Australia and one from America:

�Australian critics mutter that the local audience and market has been saturated by Storrier�s burning ropes/horses/fists/fruit, and that the artist should apply his skills to another theme.� Unfortunately some Australian critics have been under the influence of what is called the �Tall Poppy Syndrome� where they attack the artists of their choice, they cut them

art critque
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down to size, and unusually with no justification. In Storrier�s case they attack his work as being repetitive and irrelevant. Storrier believes that the critics have a go at him because he is

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