The interactive notebook serves you, the student of literature and language, as a library, a laboratory, and a journal. Like a library, the interactive notebook serves as a storehouse of accumulated knowledge; like a laboratory, it serves as a means to pose meaningful, authentic questions and to seek their answers; like a journal, it serves as a medium both for personalizing knowledge and for reflection and as a means to foster intellectual and social growth and to develop excellent habits of mind.
The interactive notebook will prove an invaluable tool in your quest to meet the goals of the course as they are articulated in the California standards for English and language arts and in the course description.
How and why does the interactive notebook work?
In short, the interactive notebook serves as a means to become an active and independent thinker and learner, to become, in fact, the best active and independent thinker and learner you can be.
1. A marble, bound composition book, 9.75” x 7.5”, preferably college-ruled
4. Pens with blue or black ink
6. Colored pencils or pens
Organizing Your Interactive Notebook
1. Affix the label I provide to the front cover of your notebook. Print neatly and legibly:
A. your first and last names;
B. my name and classroom number (“Mr. Hill, A-4”, just in case your notebook is misplaced!);
C. the name of the course (“Academy English IV,” “English IV,” or “AP English Literature”), the semester (“Semester One” or “Semester Two”);
D. the academic year (“2011-2012”);
E. and the period your class meets (“Period X”).
2. Neatly number the pages of your interactive notebook in the upper, exterior corner of each page. Number the pages on the left even and the pages on the right odd. Use a bright-colored pen (not blue or black) to number the pages.
3. Count five lines from the bottom on every odd-numbered page (every page on the right). Neatly trace the fifth line from the bottom with the same bright-colored pen you used to number the pages. You will reserve the space below this line for vocabulary words that you learn during the course of class discussion, i.e. those words that are not necessarily intended to be part of the lesson but that make their way unexpectedly into our discussion.
4. Cut out and affix the interactive notebook rubric to the inside of the notebook’s front cover. Refer frequently to the rubric to remind yourself of expectations for the interactive notebook and to monitor your progress.
5. Cut out and affix each part of the table of contents to the final pages of your notebook. The first part should be affixed to the final page of the notebook, the second part to the second-to-last page, the third part to the third-to-last page, etc. It is imperative that you update the table of contents after every class meeting and every time you complete an activity in the notebook. Use a pen with blue or black ink for the table of contents. Be systematic, precise, and clear when you enter new information in your table of contents. For example:
A. For those pages upon which you have recorded notes from class discussion, enter “TC: [Topic or Title], Notes.”  (This information can be taken directly from the board.)
B. For silent writing activities, enter “Silent Writing: [Topic or Title].”
C. For assignments, enter “Assignment: [Topic or Title].”
D. For reflection, enter “Reflection: [Topic or Title].”
6. Head each page with the title or topic of the activity recorded or completed there and with the date. This information should be written at the top of the page. Begin notes for each class meeting on a clean, odd-numbered (right side) page.
Professionalism and the Interactive Notebook
Although its benefits are uniquely yours, the interactive notebook is in fact a public document, for it will be collected and graded, and should be treated as such. Certain practices significantly both increase the benefits of the notebook and convey the sophistication of your mind. Professionalism in the maintenance and presentation of the notebook is imperative.
1. Your handwriting must be neat and legible.
2. Respect both the left and right margins of each page. Reserve the left margin for notation and the right margin for comments. Leave the first line (after the top line) and the last line of each page blank.
3. Do not doodle or scribble in your interactive notebook. (Relevant and thoughtful artwork, diagrams, etc. are encouraged; meaningless marks are forbidden.)
4. All writing is practice: follow the rules of grammar, mechanics, punctuation, etc. in your notebook.
5. You must have your interactive notebook in class every day.
6. You may not use the notebook for other courses.
7. Be clear and consistent in all your efforts.
Right-Side, Left-Side, and Continuous Activities
The right-side or odd-numbered pages of your notebook serve as your library. i.e. your storehouse of accumulated knowledge. There you will record what is called passive learning. receptive learning, or input. i.e. information you receive from lecture, discussion, seminar, books, criticism, magazines, video, or any other external source.
The left-side or even-numbered pages serve as your laboratory. i.e. a means to pose meaningful, authentic questions and to seek their answers, and as your journal. i.e. both a medium for personalizing knowledge and for reflection and as a means to foster intellectual and social growth and to develop excellent habits of mind. There you will record what is called active learning, productive learning, or output, i.e. your active, personal, creative, and self-directed interaction with, manipulation of, and response to information that comes from external sources.
Guidelines for Right-Side Activities
The most important right-side activity is note-taking during lecture, class discussion, small-group discussion, and seminar. Note-taking is a vital skill that requires time and practice to acquire and develop. I can certainly guide your practice, but you and you alone are ultimately responsible for the acquisition and development of this skill, to wit:
1. Include the daily “What?/How?/Why?,” its contents abbreviated if necessary, or agenda your teacher posts on the board.
2. You must not depend upon your teacher to write everything you need to know on the board. Note-taking is essentially a listening and writing activity, not a reading and writing activity. You should certainly copy what your teacher writes, but you must also write what he or she says. Listen for repetition, enumeration, changes in tone or pitch in his or her voice, and overt verbal indicators (e.g. “This is important,” “Here’s the crux of the matter,” “Write this down,” “Listen to my face!”) in order to determine what is important. Unless he or she tells you otherwise, do not attempt to record verbatim your teacher’s words; rather, paraphrase his or her words, taking care to preserve his or her ideas intact. Do not be afraid to ask questions of clarification, i.e. questions that seek more information. Do not rush to ask for repetition, for your teacher is very likely to repeat important ideas without solicitation, but if repetition is necessary but not forthcoming, ask for it. No teacher is perfect, although I come pretty close. (You know you love me. You can’t help it; I am so darned lovable!) If your teacher is given to circuitous speech, be prepared to adjust your listening and note-taking.
3. Incorporate visual devices, e.g. graphic organizers and diagrams, in your written notes.
4. Include white space and geometric figures (e.g. boxes, circles) around texts for better visual organization of information.
5. Revisit, review, and summarize your daily notes as soon after class as possible. The sooner you return to your notes, the more useful they will be, and the better able you will be to clarify and make corrections to your notes.
6. Record questions posed by your teacher and classmates, attributing each to the person who poses it.
7. When appropriate and possible, outline or enumerate ideas in relation to one another.
8. Develop a system of personalized system of notation, including abbreviations and symbols, and use it consistently throughout your notes. Make notations in the left margin of the page. Refer to the chart below for a few suggested abbreviations and symbols. You should add to and refine this list of suggestions to fit your needs and as dictated by the content of the class.
9. Remember to include page numbers for the passages and quotations from the literature we study that are discussed in class.
In addition to notes, you should include on right-side pages the content of any guided study activities. You will complete these activities on left-side pages. If more than one left-side page is required to complete the activity, be sure that the input on the right side corresponds to output on the left. For example, if you receive a list of study questions, affix the questions to a right-side page, and answer them on the left. If you answer three of seven questions on a single left-side page, make sure that you’ve affixed only questions one-three on the corresponding right side. (I hope you have sharp scissors and excellent cut-and-paste skills!)
Remember to adhere strictly to guidelines for organization and professionalism.
Guidelines for Left-Side Activities
Because they are active, personal, creative, and self-directed, there is a vast array of left-side activities that are appropriate for the interactive notebook.
Perhaps most important among these activities are articulating and answering questions, original analysis and interpretation, application, summary, and reflection.
1. Articulate and answer insightful and authentic factual, interpretive/analytical, and evaluative questions about the texts we study in class.
2. Articulate and answer insightful and authentic questions of clarification, questions of evidence, and devil’s advocate questions in response to the ideas you, your teacher, and your classmates share in class.
3. Articulate original analysis and interpretation of the texts we read, analysis and interpretation that supports, refutes, qualifies, or extends that which we have shared in class.
4. Apply the ideas we discuss in class to another circumstance, or demonstrate by application a principle of grammar, composition, textual analysis and interpretation, critical thinking, or metacognition that we have discussed in class.
5. On those occasions when your teacher does not explicitly summarize the content of class discussion, take it upon yourself to do so on your own. Remember that an effective, accurate, and precise summary restates, often in paraphrase, all main ideas without illustration (i.e. examples that illustrate), elaboration, or evaluation that is beside the point.
6. Reflect upon the personal meaning and value of the literature and ideas we discuss in class. (Please refer to “Meaningful, Authentic, and Articulate Reflection” for guidelines for reflective writing.)
Other, generalized activities include:
1. Adhere strictly to guidelines for organization and professionalism.
2. Always use color, for it helps the brain acquire and organize information.
3. When you receive a graded essay, essay or short answer test, or project, complete a left-side activity as a means to process and reflect upon your evaluation.
4. Under no circumstances are you to submit perfunctory, desultory, slapdash, or sloppy work.
5. Revisit the first page of this assignment frequently to be sure that you are making the most of this assignment and that you are making the progress necessary to earn your desired grade.
6. Because this is an English class, the majority of your left-side activities should include writing. For students in AP English Literature, that is the vast majority. Remember, all writing is practice: sloppy practice makes for bad habits.
7. Most importantly, you must complete a left-side after every class meeting during which discussion took place, and no left-side page may be left blank!
Certain assignments, such as ERWC activities, essay planning, close-reading notebook entries, and longer reflective writing assignments, may be completed on both left- and right-side pages. I will identify those assignments as they are made.
As we near the end of each unit, you will be asked to revisit and review the content of your interactive notebook and to reflect in writing upon your work.
Reflect upon your mastery of the content of the unit.
1 Thoughtfully and carefully select four ideas, skills, assignments, and/or interactive notebook entries that, taken together, represent the range of the quality of your work. In other words, select four ideas, skills, and/or assignments that demonstrate great success, moderate success, and little or no success in your endeavor to master content and skills and to meet state, course, and personal goals. Clearly delineate each of your four selections.
On paper: a list of four selections
2 In one well-developed and articulate paragraph per idea, skill, assignment, or entry, specify the quality of work of each selection, explain in very specific and detailed terms your reasons for having evaluated the selection as such, and delineate your habits, strengths, and weaknesses as a student of literature and language as they are suggested by each selection.
On paper: four paragraphs, one per idea, skill, assignment, or entry.
Reflect upon your completion of the interactive notebook itself.
3 Review in detail the rubric for the interactive notebook. Evaluate your interactive notebook against the rubric, and propose a score of 1-9.
On paper: a score of 1-9
4 In two well-developed and articulate paragraphs, justify the rating you have chosen. In the first paragraph, provide an assessment of the notebook’s strengths, and in the second, an assessment of its weaknesses. Be very specific and detailed, including examples from the notebook from the beginning of the unit to its end.
On paper: two paragraphs
Reflect upon your organizational and study skills.
5 In two well-developed and articulate paragraphs, identify and explain those organizational and study skills that you have practiced to be successful in this course.
On paper: two paragraphs
Reflect upon the delivery of course content.
6 Choose a single idea, skill, or assignment that was confusing for you. In one well-developed and articulate paragraph, explain in very specific terms why it was confusing, and explain how you yourself would teach it to make it more easily and fully comprehensible.
On paper: one paragraph
Reflect upon and establish goals.
7 In two well-developed and articulate paragraphs, identify goals you believe yourself to have met, goals you believe yourself to have failed to meet, and goals for improvement. List and explain specific areas in which you feel you need to improve or in which you believe you need more help to improve.
On paper: two paragraphs
Be sure to identify by number and topic each of the seven activities you complete as part of the reflection. Refer to the summary table below to ensure that you have done so.
Meaningful, authentic, and articulate reflection includes consideration of your work in many or all of the following terms:
1. what you learned;
2. how you learned;
3. which aspects of the work were high quality;
4. which aspects of the work were not high quality;
5. what you would do differently in the future and why;
6. what makes you proud of your work;
7. the extent to which and why the work was worthwhile for you;
8. the extent to which, why, and how the work has made an impact upon your understanding of view of the world.
It also includes an account of your growth as a student in general and as a student of literature and language. It may consider your growth in terms of multiple intelligences, learning styles, language skills, and attributes of intelligent behavior .
Meaningful, authentic, and articulate reflection is never perfunctory, desultory, slapdash, or sloppy.
As you compose your reflection, adhere strictly to guidelines for organization and professionalism.
 I am greatly indebted to Melissa Hero for inspiration and the excellent model she provided for this assignment.
 Spatial, linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential (see Howard Gardner)
 Visual, auditory, reading-writing, kinesthetic or tactile (see Neil Fleming); concrete experience vs. abstract conceptualization and reflective observation vs. active experimentation, converger, diverger, assimilator, accommodator (see David Kolb)
 Listening, speaking, reading, and writing
 Persistence; decreased impulsivity; listening to others with understanding and empathy; coöperative thinking; flexibility of thinking, metacognition; striving for accuracy and precision; a sense of humor; questioning and problem posing; drawing on past knowledge and applying it to new situations; taking risks; using all the senses; a sense of efficacy as a thinker, i.e. ingenuity, originality, insightfulness, and creativity; wonderment, inquisitiveness, curiosity, and the enjoyment of problem solving (see Art Costa)
 See footnotes, Page 1.
A course designed to take young adult learners into the heart of business English. Specific sections foster comprehension of written
and spoken texts, increase knowledge of business vocabulary and usage and allow students to improve their own communicative
Best Commercial Practice consists of two parts:
The World of Business:
• 7 Modules organised in sections: Business in Theory, Business in Practice, Business Language, Business News.
• Extensive reading texts with accompanying comprehension activities.
• Authentic, semi-authentic and adapted articles.
• Spoken interaction activities.
• Grammar explanations and exercises.
• Preparation for the Cambridge English: Business (BEC) Examinations.
• 5 Dossiers comparing the cultures of Britain, the USA and the English-speaking world.
• Reading and listening texts on a wide variety of topics useful for students of commerce.
• Preparation for the Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET) and First (FCE) Examinations.
• Literary production in English linked to the world of commerce with accompanying video.
Having a strong vocabulary is essential for understanding and communicating effectively in English.
The Barton English Vocabulary Test was designed in the summer of 2012 and updated in 2017. The vocabulary test contains hundreds of unique fill-in-the-blank questions to help you build your vocabulary. level by level. In the test, you’ll have to select the most suitable word that matches the sentence in each question. The vocabulary test questions are divided into four English levels. Here is an example of an upper-intermediate question:
“The outside of the restaurant was recently redesigned in order to … more customers.”
(The answer is attract).
Please read the level descriptions below to determine which level is best for you. The difficulty of each word has been determined by its frequency in the Corpus of Contemporary American English. which focuses equally on word use in spoken English, fiction, popular magazines, newspapers, and academic texts.
Feel free to repeat the test again and again so you can learn from your mistakes. Good luck!
Intermediate (B1) (44 questions)
Advanced (C1) (67 questions)
Last updated: February, 2017. All vocabulary test items are copyright Matthew Barton.
Have you ever sat in a restaurant or stood in a group at a party and felt paralyzed and unable to speak because you were afraid of slowing down the conversation or being laughed at?
Of course you have! Everyone has.
This is what language learning is all about!
But this feeling can can cause us to get discouraged and give up.
Please don't give up!
In today's article, I will give you five suggestions for how to become a more confident English speaker. Ready? Keep reading!
Could your friends and colleagues benefit from this article too? Please share it with them!I will show you how to be confident in English!
It is easy to feel intimidated when you are in a large group of native speakers and you are the only one who isn't totally sure what's going on.
You don't want them to feel like they have to stop and explain everything to you.
This is the way that everyone feels when they learn a new language.
Sometimes learning English can be lonely. Sometimes we even lose the identity that we have created as speakers of our native language.
But what you absolutely cannot do is put your own goals last to avoid inconveniencing other people.
The truth is, most people are more patient than you think. And for those who are really annoyed that you are slowing down the conversation, they probably won't stick around and talk with you. Fine. Let them walk away.
Try to keep the conversation going and stop thinking that you are annoying people or slowing down their conversation.2) Keep showing up
I think Woody Allen made an important point here.
Those who are most successful keep trying.
They are steady.
They continue attending classes and keep speaking even when they make mistakes. They are like the tortoise, not the hare.
They don't hide from their feelings of discomfort. They harness their fear and make use of it as positive energy. Your goal is to become comfortable with discomfort.
Get laughed at many, many times until you just don't care anymore.
Try to be consistent in your English learning efforts and I know you will start to develop confidence.3) Speak with both small and large groups of people
It is great to build your English skills by speaking with people individually but you should also try to involve yourself in large-group conversations if possible.
If you get in a conversation with 4 or 5 people, start by just trying to get the idea of what they are saying. Later you can join in if you feel more confident.
The key is to practice in as many different contexts and situations as you can.4) Practice your listening in your spare time
Set a goal for yourself.
Three times each day, do a conscious listening exercise.
To do this, you can ask your English tutor for some material.
You can also watch a sitcom like Friends or watch the news or do a listening exercise in a park or on a subway. You can also try online listening exercises like Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab
Do your best to understand the basic idea of what is being said and don't worry about every little detail.
If you do this every day, you will feel more confident and less overwhelmed when you are in a real communication setting like a party or networking event.5) Hang around with experienced language learners
It's important to hang out with native English speakers when you are trying to improve your English.
However, be selective about which native speakers you hang out with.
Choose native English speaking friends who have learned other languages and who have traveled around the world a bit.
It doesn't really matter which languages they have learned. The point is, they have felt what you are feeling.
They will have empathy for you because they have struggled with the same feelings of discomfort. They will keep you motivated and will inspire you.
The next time you are in an English-speaking situation where you feel the need to run in the corner and hide or just to be quiet because you are afraid of what people will think, stop right there and remember these points!
You have a goal. Your goal matters more than any temporary feelings of embarrassment. Keep moving forward! Good luck.