Censorship Of Music Essay, Research Paper
CENSORSHIP In today’s society, all types of music artists are expressing their views, opinions and feelings in their songs about what they see and what they know. This is on of the great things about this country, the freedom to express yourself. It is not fair, nor is it constitutional that music should be censored in anyway. It is not only rap music trying to be censored it is in all types of music. They are taking away their rights and it isn’t fair. As reported in the New York Times. “Wall-Mart CD standards are Changing Pop Music”, Wal-Mart and other large department stores sell CD’s by your favorite artists which are not what your favorite artists originally created. Some retailers refuse to carry CDs with “Parental Advisory Stickers”, a few also go as far as to make it known to labels and artists that if the CD comes to their shelves with a “dirty” word, a “controversial” cover, or an “explicit” lyric it will not be allowed on the shelves. Some of the artists include Nirvana, Beck, John Mellencamp and the list goes on. (Internet ultratnet) The most recent case involving Wal-Mart and censorship, was the new Sheryl Crow album. A song on the album which lashes the company for selling guns that end up in the wrong hands as caused the company to ban the album in stores. (Schruers 64) Delores Tucker, William Bennett, Senator Joseph Lieberman, and Senator Sam Nunn held a press conference in Washington D.C. The message: censor obscene music and censor “pro-drug lyrics”. These censors announced their plan to pressure major record companies to discontinue production of what they called “obscene” music and music which contains ” blatantly pro-drug lyrics. All of the CDs targeted as “obscene” already carry RIAA Parental Advisory Labels. Parents are already provided with the information they need if they choose to monitor their children’s musical selections. Discontinuing production of this music takes the freedom of expression away form everyone- musicians and fans of every age. (Internet ultranet) The increasing controversy surrounding rap music, with its rough-edged lyrics about sex and violence, has prompted two very different responses from black oriented radio stations in New York and Los Angeles. Two stations WBLS New York and KACE in Los Angeles, have announced they wont play the roughest and most offensive songs. A third station WPWR opted for a different route, saying it would lose credibility with its audience if it banned music that reflects the language of urban life. “We’ve got to speak their language” if the message of the record is “Don’t call me a bitch” we have got to allow the artist to get the message across. And sometimes it is necessary for the artists to use language that grabs peoples attention. Inner City Broadcasting one of the largest black owned broadcasting firms in the country, announced that its stations will not play music that is profane or advocates violence, particularly against women or homosexuals. They announced they would not air songs with the word’s “bitch” and “ho” to refer to women. What we are doing, as responsible broadcasters who are licensed to serve our listeners, is simply exercising our best judgment, said Pierre Sutton, Chairmen of Inner City. (Viles 90)What bothers me is that they censor the music because they are saying these words are portraying bad ideas, but they are just singing about what is all around us and what we see. It is not like saying theses lyrics are anything new. A person or a child is going to hear them regardless of any song with so called profanity in them. The people singing are just telling the truth. I think a child has a better chance of hearing profanity in there own home or school then by hearing it in a song. The recent Gangsta rap hearings on Capitol Hill bore all the elements of 1985’s dramatic Parents Music Resource Center debate-heated testimony talk of labeling explicit lyrics and plenty of music biz attention. Led by Illinois Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, the Senate Juvenile Justice subcommittee met last month and launched the first of what some predicted would be several hearings to explore the effects of hard-core rap on America’s youth. “The music industry has to take responsibility to make certain that children are not exposed to this stuff” said Moseley-Braun. Rep. Maxine Waters, whose district includes part of South Central Los Angeles, home to many gangsta rappers, said that these young people referring to these rappers are being denied the opportunity to say who they are. They have a message, and they are forcing America to listen”. (Smith 22) You also may remember when hard-core rapper Ice-T wrote the song cop killer. He was just singing what he felt towards cops. He did not mean that we should all go out and start killing cops, (Light 20) I personally thought the song was very rude and not very intelligent, but at the same time I don’t think he should have been censored for it. Although there is many groups being censored there many organizations fighting against censorship. Randy Lee Payton and John Woods co-founders of Rock Out Censorship and it’s newspaper, the ROC, call their group” a national grass-roots anti- censorship organization”. Woods and Payton started their organization in 1989 and took up the battle against the industry-watchdog group Parents Music Resource Center. What started as a local organization soon branched out. ROC now has chapters in 19 states, as well as in England and Canada, and ROC has a circulation of 15,000 papers. By setting up tables at rock shows, ROC has gathered a data base of almost 45,000 names, and it is still growing. Now ROC is fighting bills like HB 2982, sponsored by Pennsylvania state legislator T.J. Ronney, a Democrat which would criminalize the sale of labeled records to minors. “The biggest difference between now and 1989″, says Payton,” is now we find ourselves fighting these supposed liberals. It is was a lot more fun when we were fighting these religious kooks. These other people are supposed to be on our side.” (Weisel 50. Another “Freedom Fighter” aganist music censorship is 71 year old Mary Morello, Mother of the guitarist Tom Morello of Rage Against the Machine. Who act has also had their share of censorship. Morello is the founder of Parents for Rock and Rap, an anti-censorship organization that she runs from her home. She started the group to opppose the Parents Music Resource Center,(just like the founders of ROC) an organization co-founed by Tipper Gore, wife of Vice President Al Gor. That group was largely responsible for the parental advisory labels used on tapes and CDs with expilicit sexual or violoent lyrics. The label also pressures record companies, radio stations and music stores to stop playing or selling recordings considered detrimental to children. ” Individuals and groups are attempting to take away our first 1st Amendment rights”, she says. ” The purpose of music is to be enjoyed, not censored. Young people should be able to listen to any type of music they like, regardless of their age. I always tell them that if you want to keep listening to the music that you enjoy, starting today you have to learn to fight back. If you don’t fight for your own freedom, no one is going to give it to you”. (Internet xnet). Morello believes and I agree, speech and expression are being shackled in the U.S. and she puts much of the blame on the current political climate. ” Cenosorship is coming down now harder then it has before. ” she says. ” Look at the Congress we have, trying to take funds away from the National Endowment for the arts, trying to kill public television. They must be living in the Dark Ages.” (Internet xnet). After reaserching music censorship and supporting anti-censorship organizations, I realize that there is much wrok to be done to get free speech. There will always be someone or some group to stand aganist what you believe. I think the only way to really gain full freedom of speech is to fight and not give up. I think that the more people realize that rights are being violated, the more people will support the anit-censorship groups. I believe that people who do support these groups should really get involved. It is the only way we can win. Bibliography Bibliography Internet. http://www.ultranet.com/
crowleyn/alerts.html Internet http://www.xnet.com/
paigeone/noevil/morello.html Light, Alan. Rolling Stone, “Word form the Home Front” May 27, 1993 p20 Schruers, Fred. Rolling Stone, “She really only wants to be with you” November 14,1996 p64 Smith, Danyel. Rolling Stone, “House of Pain, the fight against gansta rap hits Capitol Hill” April 7, 1994 p 22. Thigpen, David. Rolling Stone ” Musicland stores refuse to sell some titles to minors” September 16, 1993, p13 Viles, Peter. Broadcasting and Cable, “Three stations, two responses to rap” December13, 1993 p90 Weisel, Al. Rolling Stone, “Freedom Rock” October 20, 1994 p50
Censorship 8 Essay, Research Paper
Censorship is a variety of things from yelling fire in a crowded theater to showing sexual intercourse on television. These things aren t all either, there are millions of things we use or see every day that are censored for a reason. The reason can be many but the three most important reasons are for an adult or child s wellbeing, for the decency of our society and for privacy of each other. All of these things are censored because our lives are influenced by these reasons in one way or another. This will tell you that with out censorship we would live in a world so dirty and irresponsible so indecent and shameful that it could not exist.
We pretty much ignore the growth in violence and sexual abuse in our movies and on television. Have they gone away? According to researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, by the time an average child leaves high school, he or she will have watched the happening of 18,000 murders on television. Prime time says the National Coalition on Television Violence, is filled with degrading sexual material and incidents where violence is strongly glamorized or used to excite. There have been 85 major studies of the effects of such violence on children. Eighty-four of the eighty- five concluded that it caused an increase in all manner of aggressive behavior, up to and including homicide. What happened to the one study that disagreed? Well, they were paid off by the National Broadcasting Company that just shows how guilty they are of producing violence from television. Another study shows that American children are having sexual intercourse at an average age of 16. If the television was not censored as much as it is today these things would be much worse, our children would be sexual active at very young ages and crime rates would shoot upward. A civilization does not rise in the strength of it s laws, however. It rises on the strength of its values. What values are we teaching by not having censorship in our society?
No its not freedom of speech and its not freedom of the press. It is decency. What all civilized social orders, including our own, have consistently identified as decent, civilized behavior. The real threat to the republic is not what might happen to rights, but what is happening to a society grown dangerously out of touch with its own standards and values. At the Irvine Meadows Amphitheater in California a 17 year old girl was raped while more than 50 people watched, is that what our values should be? Social orders are established, governments are formed and laws are passed for one reason and one reason only, to protect the people. Part of that task has to do with protecting people against themselves, against the degrading and the uncivilized influences that corrupt life and are every bit harmful as a blow to the head or a gun in the rips.
Censorship Essay, Research Paper I did my report on the First Amendment. The First Amendment of the United States states that, “Congress shall make no law against the freedom of speech, nor of the press.” However, the list of banned books in public schools and libraries is astonishing. Most people against literary censorship act with what they beleive to be highest cause: protecting their families as well as their communities from evil. They see that they are preserving the values that the the entire society should take in to account. The result is always the denial of another person’s right to read. And by denying that right, you deny the personal freedom that every child and young adult deserves. There is an excellent essay written by Nat Hentoff entitled, “Why
Teach Us to Read and Then Say We Can t”. In his essay, Hentoff talks about several different ways books were challenged in public schools. Hentoff believes that eliminating books from schools is a form of thought control. He states, “Attempts to control what children read, and thereby think, have been increasing across the country. It is evident, supported by his findings, that there is a major problem in this country when it comes to the censorship of books that children can read. Why do people see it as a solution to the problems of America s education system? Some school distrcts were trying to ban Mark Twain’s calssic,”Huckleberry Finn” because of what it contained. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was pursuing the issue based
on the fact that it contained a word a number of times that is now preceived as an extremely offensive racial slur. The NAACP felt that the use of such a modern-day derogatory word would hurt the self-esteem and feelings of students in minority groups. This was so hard for me to understand based two on facts. One: Twain used such slurs as a way to show the tone and setting of that time they were used. Two: Twain was against the discriminatory treatment of African-Americans. Each person that is involved in the debate over literary censorship believes that they are doing the right thing for the students. However, I believe that kids and young adults, should be given the opportunity to determine for themselves what is offensive and what is acceptable. I have found that this type of
learning is a good thing for a person s morale, and will make that child a stronger and more knowledgeable person in the end. If that child is sheltered from all that is seen as “offensive” around him, he will grow up totally clueless to the real world. In closing, I will leave you with a quote by Alfred Whitney that I think is suitable, “Books won t stay banned. They won t burn. Ideas won t go to jail. The only sure weapon against bad ideas is better ideas. The source of better ideas is wisdom. The surest path to wisdom is liberal education.”
Healthy debates have been caused by today's music. Generally, foul language has rapidly increased within modern popular song lyrics, especially among rap and heavy metal artists' songs. An increase in explicit violence and misogyny in popular music lyrics has been recorded. These lyrics have been judged to be inspirations for violent, suicidal, and criminal acts. For example, Mr. Raymond Kuntz referred to his son's incident. ''When his wife went to wake their son for school, they found him dead of a gunshot wound, still wearing his headphones with Marilyn Manson's Anti-Christ Superstar CD still in the player. The boy's favorite song was ''The Reflecting God (Nina Crowley, ''Senate Hearings on Music, Newsgroup at page 2, November 15, 1997).'' However, the artists and producers defend the musical lyrics, and claim that these acts come purely from self-inspiration, not extrinsic influence such as their music. If this were true, then why would 59!
% of substance abusers name heavy metal as their favorite type of music? ( Javier Martin, ''Separating Fact from Fiction: Rock Music and Violence'' November 28, 1997, page 2). Most teenagers listen to popular music, and learn from the words of the artists. Therefore, if an artist sets an example of being ''cool'' and performing harmful acts, a listener may reproduce his learned actions. ''Rappers call on their fans to kill, dismember, and smash the heads of teachers, and dumb cops (Peter Viles, ''Bulgaria's racist rap.'' World Press Review June 1996: Page 41).'' The entire world is affected by this reoccurring theme, since adolescents are influenced by music on a daily basis. Although almost everyone is directly affected, some people do not admit to profane music having a personal influence. ''People perceive media content to have greater impact on others than on themselves.'' (Douglas M. McLeod, ''Support for Censorship of Violent and Misogynic Rap Lyrics.'' Communica!
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The Nazi=s used many different types of propaganda and used various methods to censor. These included, the press, the radio, loud speakers, books, theatre, art and music, rallies and campaigns and films.
In the press nonNazi newspapers and magazines were closed down and taken over.
Goebbels also told editors what they could and could not print.
All of the radio stations were placed under Nazi control and cheap massproduced radios were sold. These radios were even installed in cafes and factories.
Loud speakers were placed in the streets to broadcasts speeches by Hitler and broadcast proNazi plays and stories.
In the cultural side of things, many writers, artists and composers were persuaded or forced to create works in praise of Hitler and the Third Reich. All journalists were banned and thousand of Jewish or anti Nazi books were destroyed in public book burnings, 1933.
Jazz music was banned because it was organized and mainly played by black people. Many modern arts were declared *degenerate= and art galleries were forced to get rid of it.
Rallies and Campaigns took place. There were annual mass rallies at Nuremberg and in 1936 there was and Olympic Games in Berlin, used to distract the public also, for propaganda purposes. Spectacular parades were held on other special occasions. There were local rallies, marches and fundraising campaigns led by the SA. They also had a clever use of poster campaigns.
In Germany the cinema was very popular. Over 100 German (Nazi) films were made a year. All film plots have to be shown to Goebbels before production. Political films were made. Love stories and Thrillers given to pronazi slants.
The Importance of the Army in Nazi Germany.
Both Hitler’s attempted coups were put down by the army and he knew that it was only the German Army that had the power to overthrow him. The Reich War Minister was General Werner Von Blomberg; the commander in chief of the army was General Werner Von Fritsch. Hitler dismissed both these generals accusing them of being in contact with a prostitute. The new commander of the army was General Walther Von Brauchitsch. Hitler took over as Reich Minister and also made himself commander of the army. Von Keitel was made chief of staff ministers by Hitler. Hermann Goring was promoted to field marshal. He was already commander of chief over the air force.Copyright © 2003-2008 EssaysDaddy.com Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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